Contents

  • 2種の経済指標同士の相関を確認。
  • 分析設計
    1. 国際通貨基金(IMF)と世界銀行グループ(WBG)それぞれのWebサイトから時系列経済指標を取得。
    2. 2017年のデータを抽出。
    3. 単位をパーセントとするデータを抽出。
    4. IMFデータとWBGデータを結合(計51指標)。
    5. 2種の経済指標を抽出(計1275組)。
    6. 両経済指標間の回帰係数と残差の正規性を検定。
    7. 有意水準を5%とし回帰係数=0が棄却され残差の正規性が棄却されなかった組み合わせを抽出。
    8. 結果をテーブルとして表示。
    9. 特に日本で論争の火種となる人口増加率との相関を抽出し散布図と回帰分析結果を表示。
  • 以下、注意してください。
    1. 交絡因子、同時性は考慮していません。
    2. IMFデータとWBGデータの重複は考慮していません。
    3. 散布図の赤破線は真の回帰式(母回帰式)の存在範囲推定=母回帰式の区間推定(有意水準5%) https://www.saecanet.com/content/confidenceinterval02.html
  • Data source:IMF、WBG

経済指標同士の相関係数 人口増加率との相関

経済指標同士の相関係数
指標1 指標2 相関係数 p値 信頼区間(下限) 信頼区間(上限)
1 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Total investment(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.225 0.005 0.068 0.37
2 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Volume of imports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF 0.351 0 0.205 0.482
3 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Volume of Imports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF 0.221 0.006 0.064 0.368
4 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF 0.336 0 0.188 0.469
5 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Volume of exports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF 0.257 0.001 0.101 0.401
6 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF -0.247 0.013 -0.422 -0.054
7 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.21 0.005 -0.348 -0.064
8 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.27 0 -0.403 -0.126
9 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG -0.278 0.014 -0.473 -0.058
10 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.356 0 0.206 0.49
11 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.232 0.006 0.068 0.384
12 Gross domestic product, constant prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.244 0.011 -0.415 -0.057
13 Output gap in percent of potential GDP(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF -0.404 0.045 -0.689 -0.011
14 Output gap in percent of potential GDP(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF General government gross debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.425 0.034 -0.702 -0.036
15 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.289 0 0.131 0.433
16 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.342 0 0.19 0.478
17 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.171 0.033 -0.32 -0.014
18 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG 0.36 0.002 0.139 0.548
19 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.335 0.004 0.112 0.526
20 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.21 0.015 0.041 0.367
21 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.22 0.022 0.033 0.393
22 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.215 0.042 0.008 0.404
23 Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG -0.512 0 -0.646 -0.347
24 Total investment(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.624 0 0.518 0.712
25 Total investment(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government net debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.279 0.018 -0.48 -0.051
26 Total investment(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG 0.179 0.028 0.02 0.329
27 Total investment(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.24 0.005 0.075 0.392
28 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government net debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.261 0.017 -0.452 -0.049
29 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government gross debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.21 0.008 -0.355 -0.056
30 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.508 0 0.383 0.614
31 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.158 0.043 -0.304 -0.005
32 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG 0.345 0.003 0.124 0.534
33 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.313 0.008 0.086 0.509
34 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.396 0 0.251 0.524
35 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.189 0.042 0.007 0.358
36 Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG -0.299 0.002 -0.467 -0.11
37 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.27 0 -0.405 -0.123
38 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.229 0.003 -0.368 -0.08
39 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.219 0.005 -0.362 -0.066
40 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF -0.273 0.019 -0.474 -0.046
41 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.173 0.032 -0.322 -0.015
42 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population):2017:WBG -0.418 0.047 -0.708 -0.007
43 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG 0.579 0 0.465 0.674
44 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.288 0.001 -0.433 -0.129
45 Inflation, average consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.223 0.024 -0.399 -0.031
46 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF 0.202 0.05 0 0.388
47 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.313 0 -0.443 -0.17
48 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.258 0.001 -0.394 -0.11
49 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.266 0.001 -0.404 -0.116
50 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF -0.397 0 -0.572 -0.186
51 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.19 0.017 -0.337 -0.034
52 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG 0.423 0 0.284 0.544
53 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.212 0.011 -0.364 -0.049
54 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.212 0.03 -0.388 -0.021
55 Inflation, end of period consumer prices(Percent change):2017:IMF Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG 0.881 0 0.838 0.912
56 Volume of imports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF 0.322 0 0.171 0.458
57 Volume of imports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.179 0.025 -0.326 -0.023
58 Volume of imports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG 0.331 0 0.182 0.465
59 Volume of imports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.22 0.032 0.02 0.404
60 Volume of Imports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF 0.242 0.003 0.085 0.387
61 Volume of Imports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG 0.226 0.005 0.068 0.372
62 Volume of Imports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.177 0.041 0.007 0.338
63 Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.271 0.001 -0.409 -0.12
64 Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG 0.324 0 0.174 0.459
65 Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.194 0.023 0.027 0.351
66 Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.297 0 0.142 0.439
67 Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.407 0 0.223 0.563
68 Volume of exports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.166 0.04 -0.317 -0.007
69 Volume of exports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG 0.213 0.009 0.054 0.361
70 Volume of exports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.195 0.022 0.029 0.351
71 Volume of exports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.282 0.001 0.123 0.427
72 Volume of exports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.249 0.014 0.051 0.428
73 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.247 0.016 -0.428 -0.047
74 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF General government net debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.389 0.002 0.156 0.581
75 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF General government gross debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.32 0.001 0.133 0.485
76 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.456 0 -0.602 -0.282
77 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG -0.282 0.005 -0.454 -0.09
78 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG -0.229 0.029 -0.415 -0.024
79 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG -0.323 0.042 -0.576 -0.012
80 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.249 0.013 -0.427 -0.053
81 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.283 0.008 -0.466 -0.077
82 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.229 0.028 -0.415 -0.026
83 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.41 0.003 -0.616 -0.152
84 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG -0.318 0.004 -0.502 -0.107
85 Unemployment rate(Percent of total labor force):2017:IMF Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.282 0.05 0.001 0.522
86 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.925 0 0.901 0.943
87 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.441 0 0.314 0.553
88 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF 0.3 0.007 0.086 0.487
89 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.411 0 0.278 0.529
90 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.257 0.001 0.113 0.39
91 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.453 0 -0.561 -0.329
92 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG 0.273 0.018 0.05 0.471
93 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.423 0 0.221 0.59
94 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.244 0.001 -0.38 -0.098
95 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG -0.347 0 -0.475 -0.205
96 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.472 0 -0.587 -0.338
97 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.415 0 0.275 0.537
98 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.276 0 0.127 0.413
99 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.816 0 0.742 0.87
100 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.367 0 0.207 0.508
101 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.344 0 0.201 0.472
102 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.258 0.006 0.078 0.422
103 General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG -0.265 0.001 -0.406 -0.111
104 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.175 0.02 0.028 0.315
105 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.202 0.008 0.053 0.342
106 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.177 0.019 0.029 0.318
107 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.393 0 -0.51 -0.262
108 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.343 0.002 0.133 0.523
109 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.314 0 -0.443 -0.172
110 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG -0.235 0.002 -0.375 -0.085
111 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.445 0 -0.563 -0.308
112 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.34 0 0.192 0.472
113 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.265 0.001 0.115 0.404
114 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.766 0 0.675 0.833
115 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.305 0 0.139 0.455
116 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.323 0 0.179 0.454
117 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.305 0.001 0.123 0.467
118 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.294 0.002 0.115 0.454
119 General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG -0.258 0.001 -0.4 -0.103
120 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.808 0 0.748 0.854
121 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.277 0 0.131 0.411
122 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.332 0 -0.457 -0.194
123 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG 0.293 0.013 0.065 0.491
124 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.32 0.005 0.098 0.511
125 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG -0.247 0.002 -0.386 -0.095
126 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.392 0 0.248 0.519
127 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.296 0 0.145 0.433
128 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.432 0 0.256 0.58
129 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.3 0.001 0.129 0.453
130 General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.21 0.007 0.057 0.352
131 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.667 0 0.518 0.776
132 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.356 0.002 0.143 0.537
133 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG 0.321 0.004 0.105 0.509
134 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG -0.347 0.003 -0.536 -0.125
135 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.293 0.013 -0.493 -0.065
136 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.458 0 0.253 0.623
137 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.386 0.001 0.172 0.566
138 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.398 0.002 0.162 0.59
139 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.293 0.013 0.066 0.491
140 General government structural balance(Percent of potential GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG -0.287 0.014 -0.485 -0.061
141 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF 0.175 0.024 0.023 0.319
142 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.341 0 -0.467 -0.201
143 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.382 0.001 0.165 0.564
144 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG -0.188 0.019 -0.336 -0.031
145 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.428 0 0.285 0.553
146 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.271 0.001 0.116 0.414
147 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.524 0 0.367 0.652
148 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Military expenditure (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.179 0.04 -0.339 -0.008
149 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.294 0.001 0.122 0.449
150 General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.288 0.003 0.101 0.455
151 General government net debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.226 0.04 -0.421 -0.011
152 General government net debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG -0.354 0.002 -0.536 -0.141
153 General government net debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.311 0.007 -0.503 -0.091
154 General government net debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.286 0.016 -0.486 -0.056
155 General government gross debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF -0.265 0.001 -0.401 -0.118
156 General government gross debt(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.169 0.041 -0.322 -0.007
157 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.278 0 -0.409 -0.137
158 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.301 0.009 0.078 0.496
159 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.28 0.001 0.124 0.423
160 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.258 0.002 0.1 0.402
161 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.176 0.038 -0.333 -0.01
162 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.275 0.005 0.087 0.444
163 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.291 0.027 0.035 0.511
164 Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.172 0.029 0.018 0.318
165 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG -0.514 0 -0.663 -0.327
166 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG -0.646 0 -0.758 -0.495
167 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG 0.21 0.005 0.064 0.348
168 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.421 0 0.282 0.542
169 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.314 0 -0.446 -0.168
170 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.18 0.019 -0.323 -0.03
171 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.441 0 -0.579 -0.279
172 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.237 0.002 -0.373 -0.091
173 Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG -0.543 0 -0.662 -0.397
174 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population):2017:WBG GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG -0.417 0.042 -0.702 -0.017
175 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population):2017:WBG Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.485 0.019 -0.748 -0.091
176 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG 0.361 0 0.211 0.495
177 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG 0.378 0.001 0.155 0.564
178 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.666 0 0.51 0.78
179 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.22 0.007 -0.367 -0.062
180 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.335 0 0.179 0.475
181 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.34 0 0.16 0.498
182 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.493 0 0.276 0.663
183 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.496 0 0.337 0.628
184 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG -0.245 0.011 -0.415 -0.058
185 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US dollar):2017:WBG Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG -0.299 0.001 -0.447 -0.135
186 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG 0.391 0 0.25 0.516
187 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG 0.468 0 0.259 0.636
188 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.707 0 0.566 0.808
189 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.23 0.003 -0.37 -0.081
190 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.409 0 0.266 0.534
191 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.371 0 0.197 0.522
192 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.442 0 0.212 0.626
193 GNI per capita, PPP (current international dollar):2017:WBG Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG -0.348 0 -0.483 -0.198
194 Contraceptive prevalence, any methods (% of women ages 15-49):2017:WBG Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.671 0.048 0.013 0.924
195 Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG 0.5 0 0.305 0.655
196 Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.453 0 0.25 0.618
197 Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG 0.228 0.004 0.073 0.372
198 Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.297 0 0.14 0.44
199 Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.207 0.026 0.026 0.375
200 Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months):2017:WBG Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG -0.246 0.009 -0.412 -0.063
201 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG 0.746 0 0.612 0.838
202 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49):2017:WBG -0.328 0.013 -0.542 -0.074
203 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.381 0.001 -0.569 -0.155
204 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.396 0.001 0.171 0.582
205 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.307 0.011 0.074 0.508
206 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.353 0.004 0.12 0.55
207 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.304 0.023 0.044 0.525
208 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG -0.393 0 -0.567 -0.185
209 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.741 0 -0.831 -0.614
210 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.282 0.02 0.047 0.488
211 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.377 0.002 0.153 0.565
212 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.371 0.012 0.087 0.599
213 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.44 0.001 0.198 0.632
214 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.446 0.001 0.207 0.634
215 School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG GDP per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.667 0 0.512 0.78
216 Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49):2017:WBG Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.265 0.007 0.075 0.437
217 Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.27 0.026 -0.478 -0.034
218 Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG -0.236 0.032 -0.43 -0.021
219 Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG -0.258 0.021 -0.454 -0.04
220 Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49):2017:WBG Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.24 0.029 0.026 0.433
221 GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.393 0 0.248 0.522
222 GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.203 0.015 0.04 0.355
223 GDP growth (annual %):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.22 0.023 -0.393 -0.031
224 Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.361 0 0.208 0.496
225 Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.257 0.001 -0.399 -0.102
226 Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.285 0.003 -0.453 -0.098
227 Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.322 0.015 -0.538 -0.067
228 Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG 0.573 0 0.455 0.672
229 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.516 0 -0.629 -0.382
230 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.182 0.029 -0.336 -0.019
231 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.467 0 -0.616 -0.285
232 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG -0.395 0 -0.544 -0.222
233 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.217 0.009 -0.369 -0.054
234 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG -0.45 0 -0.596 -0.276
235 Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG 0.306 0 0.142 0.454
236 Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.19 0.025 0.024 0.345
237 Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.271 0.002 0.104 0.423
238 Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG -0.291 0.004 -0.465 -0.095
239 Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.224 0.007 0.062 0.375
240 Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG -0.344 0 -0.506 -0.158
241 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.682 0 0.59 0.757
242 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.484 0 0.314 0.624
243 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.197 0.037 0.012 0.368
244 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.688 0 0.593 0.764
245 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.408 0 0.228 0.561
246 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG -0.231 0.008 -0.387 -0.063
247 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.202 0.015 0.04 0.353
248 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.286 0.004 0.094 0.457
249 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.668 0 0.569 0.748
250 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.226 0.024 0.03 0.405
251 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.446 0 0.276 0.59
252 Gross capital formation (% of GDP):2017:WBG Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.193 0.024 0.026 0.35
253 Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.262 0.012 0.059 0.444
254 Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG 0.244 0.012 0.054 0.417
255 Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP):2017:WBG Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.257 0.044 0.007 0.476
256 Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (% of GDP):2017:WBG High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG 0.404 0.004 0.138 0.615
257 Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (% of GDP):2017:WBG GDP per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG 0.446 0 0.217 0.629
258 High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.28 0.017 0.051 0.48
259 High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports):2017:WBG Net ODA received per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG -0.344 0.003 -0.532 -0.124
260 Merchandise trade (% of GDP):2017:WBG Total debt service (% of GNI):2017:WBG 0.434 0 0.263 0.579
261 GDP per capita (current US dollar):2017:WBG Inflation, consumer prices (annual %):2017:WBG -0.32 0 -0.462 -0.161

人口増加率との相関
  • Population growth (annual %):2017:WBGとの線形回帰分析
[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total(Percent):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
     Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max 
-0.13986 -0.09611 -0.06169  0.04887  0.57542 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value         Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  0.14606    0.01946   7.507 0.00000000000466 ***
x           -0.02246    0.01047  -2.146           0.0335 *  
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 0.1485 on 153 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.02922,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.02287 
F-statistic: 4.605 on 1 and 153 DF,  p-value: 0.03346

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Gross national savings(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
     Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max 
-22.4936  -6.0718   0.0049   5.4805  23.8224 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value            Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  22.9421     1.0984  20.887 <0.0000000000000002 ***
x            -1.2685     0.6229  -2.036              0.0433 *  
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 9.007 on 162 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.02496,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.01894 
F-statistic: 4.147 on 1 and 162 DF,  p-value: 0.04333

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Volume of imports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
     Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max 
-15.2133  -3.5823  -0.4598   3.7181  15.9014 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value           Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)   6.2761     0.7341    8.55 0.0000000000000107 ***
x            -1.0107     0.4452   -2.27             0.0246 *  
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 5.877 on 156 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.03198,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.02578 
F-statistic: 5.154 on 1 and 156 DF,  p-value: 0.02457

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Volume of exports of goods and services(Percent change):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
     Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max 
-17.2971  -3.3922  -0.1376   3.6313  18.2962 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value          Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)   5.9197     0.7484   7.910 0.000000000000443 ***
x            -1.6264     0.4632  -3.511          0.000584 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 6.075 on 156 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.07323,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.06729 
F-statistic: 12.33 on 1 and 156 DF,  p-value: 0.0005838

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Volume of exports of goods(Percent change):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-18.398  -4.364  -0.453   3.809  18.793 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value       Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)   5.8999     0.8509   6.934 0.000000000114 ***
x            -1.0528     0.5094  -2.067         0.0405 *  
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 6.604 on 150 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.02769,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.02121 
F-statistic: 4.272 on 1 and 150 DF,  p-value: 0.04046

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:General government revenue(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-19.777  -7.322  -0.928   5.396  33.601 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value             Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  34.4073     1.1883  28.955 < 0.0000000000000002 ***
x            -4.6765     0.6845  -6.832       0.000000000123 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 9.952 on 181 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.205, Adjusted R-squared:  0.2006 
F-statistic: 46.67 on 1 and 181 DF,  p-value: 0.0000000001233

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:General government total expenditure(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
     Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max 
-18.5263  -7.1504  -0.6468   6.1812  23.7566 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value             Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  35.7226     1.1106  32.165 < 0.0000000000000002 ***
x            -3.7280     0.6535  -5.705         0.0000000477 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 9.2 on 178 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.1546,    Adjusted R-squared:  0.1498 
F-statistic: 32.55 on 1 and 178 DF,  p-value: 0.00000004774

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:General government net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-8.1488 -1.8567  0.0612  1.8737  7.7911 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value   Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  -1.1995     0.3573  -3.357   0.000966 ***
x            -0.9824     0.2111  -4.655 0.00000639 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 2.966 on 175 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.1102,    Adjusted R-squared:  0.1051 
F-statistic: 21.67 on 1 and 175 DF,  p-value: 0.000006389

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:General government primary net lending/borrowing(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-8.3852 -1.5681  0.1764  1.5746  7.4363 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value   Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)   0.3000     0.3229   0.929      0.354    
x            -0.8925     0.1894  -4.712 0.00000509 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 2.644 on 169 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.1161,    Adjusted R-squared:  0.1109 
F-statistic: 22.21 on 1 and 169 DF,  p-value: 0.000005089

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Current account balance(Percent of GDP):2017:IMF"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
     Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max 
-16.4566  -3.0297  -0.1366   3.7272  15.6117 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  -0.4099     0.6912  -0.593  0.55400    
x            -1.5191     0.3953  -3.843  0.00017 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 5.938 on 176 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.07742,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.07218 
F-statistic: 14.77 on 1 and 176 DF,  p-value: 0.0001695

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group):2017:WBG"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-33.686  -8.682   0.687   7.845  23.682 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value             Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  102.789      2.447  41.999 < 0.0000000000000002 ***
x             -7.549      1.464  -5.158           0.00000202 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 11.67 on 74 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.2644,    Adjusted R-squared:  0.2545 
F-statistic:  26.6 on 1 and 74 DF,  p-value: 0.00000202

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:School enrollment, secondary (% gross):2017:WBG"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-61.995 -15.140   1.544  12.048  76.581 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value             Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)  104.083      4.213  24.703 < 0.0000000000000002 ***
x            -17.616      2.375  -7.418       0.000000000133 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 20.72 on 77 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.4168,    Adjusted R-squared:  0.4092 
F-statistic: 55.03 on 1 and 77 DF,  p-value: 0.0000000001332

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %):2017:WBG"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-7.4440 -1.7127 -0.5185  1.2770  9.0617 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value          Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)   2.5550     0.3291   7.765 0.000000000000702 ***
x             0.5767     0.2044   2.822           0.00534 ** 
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 2.854 on 172 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.04425,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.03869 
F-statistic: 7.963 on 1 and 172 DF,  p-value: 0.005337

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP):2017:WBG"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
     Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max 
-19.5626  -5.5714  -0.9166   4.0923  21.5638 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value     Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)   4.9191     0.9499   5.179 0.0000006896 ***
x             3.2313     0.5614   5.756 0.0000000453 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 7.701 on 154 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.177, Adjusted R-squared:  0.1717 
F-statistic: 33.13 on 1 and 154 DF,  p-value: 0.00000004526

[1] "x:Population growth (annual %):2017:WBG"
[1] "y:Exports of goods and services (% of GDP):2017:WBG"

Call:
lm(formula = y ~ x)

Residuals:
    Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
-29.242 -13.267  -3.058   9.893  55.658 

Coefficients:
            Estimate Std. Error t value             Pr(>|t|)    
(Intercept)   44.173      2.222  19.882 < 0.0000000000000002 ***
x             -5.277      1.259  -4.191            0.0000456 ***
---
Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1

Residual standard error: 18.09 on 161 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared:  0.09838,   Adjusted R-squared:  0.09278 
F-statistic: 17.57 on 1 and 161 DF,  p-value: 0.00004562