Content

背景が赤色で塗りつぶされた時系列チャートについて

  • 以下に示す対象範囲(サンプルサイズ:\(n\))の時系列データについて説明変数を\((1,2 \ldots,n)\)、応答変数を指標値とし、次の2つの条件を満たした場合にチャート背景を赤色で塗りつぶしています。
    • 条件1:“線形回帰係数(傾き)\(=0\)”が有意水準5%で棄却される。
    • 条件2:その残差の“系列相関なし”および“正規性”が有意水準5%で棄却されない。
    • 上述の時系列データの対象範囲は、
      • 日次データ:直近25営業日分
      • 週次データ:直近15週分
      • 月次データ:直近6ヶ月分
      • 四半期データ:直近8四半期分
      • 年次データ:直近5年分

Share prices

  • Source:Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


Consumer prices

  • Source:Bank for International Settlements


WORLD FACTBOOK

  • Source:Central Intelligence Agency

BrazilRussiaIndiaChinaSouth Africa

Brazil

Brazil
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 8,515,770 (sq km) 6 *****
Population 208,846,892 Population 5 July 2018 est.
Median age 32.4 (years) 100 *****
Population growth rate 0.71 (%) 140 2018 est.
Birth rate 13.9 (births/1,000 population) 135 2018 est.
Death rate 6.7 (deaths/1,000 population) 136 2018 est.
Net migration rate -0.1 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 102 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 44 (deaths/100,000 live births) 101 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 16.9 (deaths/1,000 live births) 91 est.
Life expectancy at birth 74.3 (years) 125 est.
Total fertility rate 1.75 (children born/woman) 159 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.6 (%) 55 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 860,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 12 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - deaths 14,000 HIV/AIDS - deaths 18 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 22.1 (%) 82 2016
Education expenditures 6.2 (% of GDP) 30 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 28.5 (%) 38 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 3,248,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 8 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 1 (%) 182 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 15,600 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 108 2017 est.
Gross national saving 15 (% of GDP) 136 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 0 (%) 169 2017 est.
Labor force 104,200,000 Labor force 5 2017
Unemployment rate 12.8 (%) 165 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 49 Distribution of family income - Gini index 19 2014
Taxes and other revenues 35.7 (% (of GDP)) 57 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.1 (% (of GDP)) 82 2017 est.
Public debt 84 (% of GDP) 32 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.4 (%) 139 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 7 (%) 48 31 December 2017 est.
Commercial bank prime lending rate 46.92 (%) 2 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 110,300,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 35 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 110,300,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 35 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 2,206,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 12 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 642,500,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 18 31 December 2017 est.
Current account balance -9,762,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 190 2017 est.
Exports 217,200,000,000 Exports(USD) 26 2017 est.
Imports 153,200,000,000 Imports(USD) 29 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 374,000,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 10 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 547,400,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 21 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 778,300,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 14 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 358,900,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 19 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 567,900,000,000 (kWh) 8 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 509,100,000,000 (kWh) 8 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 219,000,000 (kWh) 73 2015 est.
Electricity - imports 41,310,000,000 (kWh) 3 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 150,800,000 (kW) 7 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 17 (% of total installed capacity) 197 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 1 (% of total installed capacity) 28 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 64 (% of total installed capacity) 24 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 18 (% of total installed capacity) 46 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 2,622,000 (bbl/day) 10 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 736,600 (bbl/day) 17 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 297,700 (bbl/day) 25 2015 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 12,630,000,000 (bbl) 14 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 2,811,000 (bbl/day) 7 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,956,000 (bbl/day) 7 2016 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 279,000 (bbl/day) 28 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 490,400 (bbl/day) 17 2015 est.
Natural gas - production 23,960,000,000 (cu m) 29 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 34,350,000,000 (cu m) 28 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 134,500,000 (cu m) 48 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 10,510,000,000 (cu m) 26 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 377,400,000,000 (cu m) 34 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 513,800,000 (Mt) 13 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 40,878,018 Telephones - fixed lines 5 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 236,488,548 Telephones - mobile cellular 5 est.
Internet users 122,841,218 Internet users 4 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 28,670,016 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 6 est.
Airports 4,093 Airports 2 2013
Railways 29,850 (km) 9 2014
Roadways 2,000,000 (km) 4 2018
Waterways 50,000 (km) 3 2012
Merchant marine 791 Merchant marine 28 *****
Military expenditures 1.41 (% of GDP) 82 2017

Russia

Russia
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 17,098,242 (sq km) 1 *****
Population 142,122,776 Population 9 July 2018 est.
Median age 39.8 (years) 52 *****
Population growth rate -0.11 (%) 205 2018 est.
Birth rate 10.7 (births/1,000 population) 184 2018 est.
Death rate 13.4 (deaths/1,000 population) 8 2018 est.
Net migration rate 1.7 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 55 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 25 (deaths/100,000 live births) 124 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 6.7 (deaths/1,000 live births) 162 est.
Life expectancy at birth 71.3 (years) 155 est.
Total fertility rate 1.61 (children born/woman) 179 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.2 (%) 40 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 11 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 23.1 (%) 70 2016
Education expenditures 3.8 (% of GDP) 122 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 16.3 (%) 84 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 4,016,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 6 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 1.5 (%) 173 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 27,900 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 74 2017 est.
Gross national saving 26.5 (% of GDP) 48 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate -1 (%) 177 2017 est.
Labor force 76,530,000 Labor force 6 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 5.2 (%) 77 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 41.2 Distribution of family income - Gini index 57 2015
Taxes and other revenues 16.4 (% (of GDP)) 181 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.4 (% (of GDP)) 88 2017 est.
Public debt 15.5 (% of GDP) 194 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.7 (%) 149 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 10 (%) 23 31 December 2016 est.
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.55 (%) 80 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 255,200,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 21 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 255,200,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 21 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 940,400,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 16 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 635,900,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 19 31 December 2016 est.
Current account balance 35,440,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 11 2017 est.
Exports 353,000,000,000 Exports(USD) 14 2017 est.
Imports 238,000,000,000 Imports(USD) 20 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 432,700,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 6 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 539,600,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 22 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 535,200,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 18 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 470,900,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 18 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 1,031,000,000,000 (kWh) 4 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 909,600,000,000 (kWh) 5 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 13,130,000,000 (kWh) 14 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 3,194,000,000 (kWh) 48 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 244,900,000 (kW) 5 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 68 (% of total installed capacity) 115 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 11 (% of total installed capacity) 13 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 21 (% of total installed capacity) 86 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 1 (% of total installed capacity) 164 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 10,580,000 (bbl/day) 1 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 4,921,000 (bbl/day) 2 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 76,220 (bbl/day) 48 2015 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 80,000,000,000 (bbl) 8 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 6,076,000 (bbl/day) 3 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 3,650,000 (bbl/day) 5 2016 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 2,671,000 (bbl/day) 2 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 41,920 (bbl/day) 88 2015 est.
Natural gas - production 665,600,000,000 (cu m) 2 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 467,500,000,000 (cu m) 2 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 210,200,000,000 (cu m) 1 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 15,770,000,000 (cu m) 19 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 47,800,000,000,000 (cu m) 1 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,847,000,000 (Mt) 4 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 31,190,855 Telephones - fixed lines 8 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 227,341,873 Telephones - mobile cellular 6 est.
Internet users 108,772,470 Internet users 6 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 30,872,788 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 5 est.
Airports 1,218 Airports 5 2013
Railways 87,157 (km) 3 2014
Roadways 1,283,387 (km) 5 2012
Waterways 102,000 (km) 2 2009
Merchant marine 2,625 Merchant marine 9 *****
Military expenditures 4.24 (% of GDP) 13 2017

India

India
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 3,287,263 (sq km) 8 *****
Population 1,296,834,042 Population 2 July 2018 est.
Median age 28.1 (years) 142 *****
Population growth rate 1.14 (%) 94 2018 est.
Birth rate 18.7 (births/1,000 population) 88 2018 est.
Death rate 7.3 (deaths/1,000 population) 121 2018 est.
Net migration rate 0 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 86 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 174 (deaths/100,000 live births) 56 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 37.8 (deaths/1,000 live births) 46 est.
Life expectancy at birth 69.1 (years) 163 est.
Total fertility rate 2.4 (children born/woman) 81 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.2 (%) 94 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 2,100,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - deaths 69,000 HIV/AIDS - deaths 4 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 3.9 (%) 189 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 36.3 (%) 4 2015
Education expenditures 3.8 (% of GDP) 118 2013
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 10.1 (%) 129 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 9,474,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 3 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 6.7 (%) 27 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 7,200 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 156 2017 est.
Gross national saving 28.8 (% of GDP) 36 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 5.5 (%) 49 2017 est.
Labor force 521,900,000 Labor force 2 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 8.5 (%) 122 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 35.2 Distribution of family income - Gini index 96 2011
Taxes and other revenues 9.2 (% (of GDP)) 215 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.5 (% (of GDP)) 146 2017 est.
Public debt 71.2 (% of GDP) 47 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.6 (%) 143 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 6 (%) 69 31 December 2017
Commercial bank prime lending rate 9.51 (%) 88 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 451,500,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 12 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 451,500,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 12 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 1,927,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 13 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,516,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 10 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance -48,660,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 203 2017 est.
Exports 304,100,000,000 Exports(USD) 19 2017 est.
Imports 452,200,000,000 Imports(USD) 11 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 409,800,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 8 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 501,600,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 24 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 377,500,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 20 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 155,200,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 30 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 1,386,000,000,000 (kWh) 3 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 1,137,000,000,000 (kWh) 3 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 5,150,000,000 (kWh) 36 2015 est.
Electricity - imports 5,617,000,000 (kWh) 35 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 367,800,000 (kW) 3 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 71 (% of total installed capacity) 104 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 2 (% of total installed capacity) 26 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 12 (% of total installed capacity) 111 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 16 (% of total installed capacity) 53 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 733,900 (bbl/day) 25 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 140 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 4,057,000 (bbl/day) 3 2015 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 4,495,000,000 (bbl) 23 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 4,897,000 (bbl/day) 4 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 4,521,000 (bbl/day) 3 2016 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 1,305,000 (bbl/day) 7 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 653,300 (bbl/day) 11 2015 est.
Natural gas - production 31,540,000,000 (cu m) 25 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 55,430,000,000 (cu m) 14 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 76,450,000 (cu m) 50 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 23,960,000,000 (cu m) 14 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 1,290,000,000,000 (cu m) 22 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 2,383,000,000 (Mt) 3 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 23,234,687 Telephones - fixed lines 11 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,168,902,277 Telephones - mobile cellular 2 est.
Internet users 374,328,160 Internet users 2 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 17,856,024 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 10 est.
Airports 346 Airports 21 2013
Railways 68,525 (km) 5 2014
Roadways 4,699,024 (km) 3 2015
Waterways 14,500 (km) 9 2012
Merchant marine 1,719 Merchant marine 14 *****
Military expenditures 2.47 (% of GDP) 40 2016

China

China
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 9,596,960 (sq km) 5 *****
Population 1,384,688,986 Population 1 July 2018 est.
Median age 37.7 (years) 64 *****
Population growth rate 0.37 (%) 165 2018 est.
Birth rate 12.1 (births/1,000 population) 161 2018 est.
Death rate 8 (deaths/1,000 population) 89 2018 est.
Net migration rate -0.4 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 121 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 27 (deaths/100,000 live births) 118 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 11.8 (deaths/1,000 live births) 118 est.
Life expectancy at birth 75.8 (years) 100 est.
Total fertility rate 1.6 (children born/woman) 181 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 6.2 (%) 169 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 2.4 (%) 108 2013
GDP (purchasing power parity) 23,210,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 1 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 6.9 (%) 21 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 16,700 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 105 2017 est.
Gross national saving 45.8 (% of GDP) 6 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 6.1 (%) 40 2017 est.
Labor force 806,700,000 Labor force 1 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 3.9 (%) 48 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 46.5 Distribution of family income - Gini index 31 2016 est.
Taxes and other revenues 21.3 (% (of GDP)) 141 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.8 (% (of GDP)) 152 2017 est.
Public debt 47 (% of GDP) 111 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.6 (%) 88 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 2.25 (%) 117 5 December 2017 est.
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.35 (%) 160 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 8,351,000,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 1 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 8,351,000,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 1 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 27,340,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 1 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 7,335,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 2 December 2016 est.
Current account balance 164,900,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 3 2017 est.
Exports 2,216,000,000,000 Exports(USD) 1 2017 est.
Imports 1,740,000,000,000 Imports(USD) 2 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 3,236,000,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 1 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 1,598,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 14 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 1,523,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 7 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 1,383,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 10 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 5,883,000,000,000 (kWh) 1 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 5,564,000,000,000 (kWh) 1 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 18,910,000,000 (kWh) 10 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 6,185,000,000 (kWh) 33 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1,653,000,000 (kW) 1 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 62 (% of total installed capacity) 124 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 2 (% of total installed capacity) 25 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 18 (% of total installed capacity) 93 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 18 (% of total installed capacity) 47 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 3,838,000 (bbl/day) 7 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 57,310 (bbl/day) 40 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 6,710,000 (bbl/day) 2 2015 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 25,630,000,000 (bbl) 12 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 11,510,000 (bbl/day) 2 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 12,470,000 (bbl/day) 2 2016 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 848,400 (bbl/day) 9 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,160,000 (bbl/day) 4 2015 est.
Natural gas - production 145,900,000,000 (cu m) 6 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 238,600,000,000 (cu m) 3 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 3,370,000,000 (cu m) 35 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 97,630,000,000 (cu m) 3 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 5,440,000,000,000 (cu m) 9 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 11,670,000,000 (Mt) 1 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 193,762,000 Telephones - fixed lines 1 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,474,097,000 Telephones - mobile cellular 1 est.
Internet users 730,723,960 Internet users 1 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 378,540,000 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 1 est.
Airports 507 Airports 14 2013
Railways 131,000 (km) 2 2018
Roadways 4,773,500 (km) 2 2017
Waterways 110,000 (km) 1 2011
Merchant marine 4,610 Merchant marine 4 *****
Military expenditures 2 (% of GDP) 52 2017

South Africa

South Africa
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 1,219,090 (sq km) 26 *****
Population 55,380,210 Population 26 July 2018 est.
Median age 27.4 (years) 144 *****
Population growth rate 0.97 (%) 114 2018 est.
Birth rate 19.9 (births/1,000 population) 78 2018 est.
Death rate 9.3 (deaths/1,000 population) 57 2018 est.
Net migration rate -0.9 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 138 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 138 (deaths/100,000 live births) 63 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 29.9 (deaths/1,000 live births) 62 est.
Life expectancy at birth 64.1 (years) 190 est.
Total fertility rate 2.26 (children born/woman) 91 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 18.8 (%) 4 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 7,200,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1 2016 est.
HIV/AIDS - deaths 110,000 HIV/AIDS - deaths 2 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 28.3 (%) 31 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 5.9 (%) 78 2016
Education expenditures 6.1 (% of GDP) 34 2017
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 53.4 (%) 2 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 767,200,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 30 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 1.3 (%) 179 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 13,600 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 118 2017 est.
Gross national saving 16.1 (% of GDP) 128 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 1.2 (%) 151 2017 est.
Labor force 22,190,000 Labor force 29 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 27.5 (%) 200 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 62.5 Distribution of family income - Gini index 2 2013 est.
Taxes and other revenues 26.6 (% (of GDP)) 107 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.4 (% (of GDP)) 163 2017 est.
Public debt 53 (% of GDP) 92 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.3 (%) 174 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 5.75 (%) 72 31 December 2014
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.38 (%) 83 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 137,500,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 30 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 137,500,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 30 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 295,900,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 38 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 735,900,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 16 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance -8,584,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 189 2017 est.
Exports 94,930,000,000 Exports(USD) 39 2017 est.
Imports 89,360,000,000 Imports(USD) 40 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 50,720,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 39 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 156,300,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 41 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 156,800,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 38 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 270,300,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 24 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 234,500,000,000 (kWh) 21 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 207,100,000,000 (kWh) 21 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 16,550,000,000 (kWh) 11 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 10,560,000,000 (kWh) 24 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 50,020,000 (kW) 21 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 85 (% of total installed capacity) 73 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 4 (% of total installed capacity) 24 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 1 (% of total installed capacity) 150 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 10 (% of total installed capacity) 81 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 2,000 (bbl/day) 89 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 197 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 404,000 (bbl/day) 22 2015 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 15,000,000 (bbl) 86 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 487,100 (bbl/day) 33 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 621,000 (bbl/day) 32 2016 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 105,600 (bbl/day) 42 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 195,200 (bbl/day) 34 2015 est.
Natural gas - production 906,100,000 (cu m) 70 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 5,069,000,000 (cu m) 60 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 0 (cu m) 187 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 4,162,000,000 (cu m) 39 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 0 (cu m) 196 1 January 2012 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 572,300,000 (Mt) 11 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 3,629,141 Telephones - fixed lines 39 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 91,878,275 Telephones - mobile cellular 17 est.
Internet users 29,322,380 Internet users 24 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 1,698,360 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 57 est.
Airports 566 Airports 11 2013
Railways 20,986 (km) 13 2014
Roadways 750,000 (km) 10 2016
Merchant marine 88 Merchant marine 92 *****
Military expenditures 1.07 (% of GDP) 110 2016

World Economic Outlook

  • Source:International Monetary Fund

BrazilRussiaIndiaChinaSouth Africa

Brazil

Brazil
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 1202.77 1233.25 1260.6 1288.57 1317.15 1346.37
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 2.055 2.534 2.218 2.218 2.218 2.218
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 7230.89 7738.64 8252.79 8799.58 9382.59 10004.23
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 1960.19 2062.5 2156.5 2255.58 2359.53 2468.22
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 3495.58 3659 3817.92 3983.36 4156.1 4337.2
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 601.187 627.501 654.67 682.897 712.341 743.054
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 5733.18 5839.15 5930.56 6025.21 6123.19 6224.6
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 14552.25 14821.22 15053.23 15293.49 15542.18 15799.58
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 34467.15 36640.71 38825.57 41145.98 43617.96 46252.11
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 9343.55 9765.5 10145.32 10546.89 10969.01 11411.19
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 16662.21 17324.55 17961.54 18625.82 19320.95 20051.97
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 2.461 2.437 2.405 2.374 2.342 2.311
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 2.069 2.115 2.162 2.209 2.258 2.307
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 15.916 16.465 17.097 17.699 18.279 18.851
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 14.222 14.857 15.453 15.988 16.455 16.961
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 34297640468509.1 35693277736190.8 37121089362671.3 38594195416927.2 40125424686589 41718110144947.7
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 3.563 4.069 4 3.968 3.968 3.969
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 34928528730218.8 36335398893059.3 37778289244938.1 39277266637217.1 40835856579046.7 42456636211131.4
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 3.925 4.028 3.971 3.968 3.968 3.969
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 12.734 3.925 4.664 4.841 4.914 4.63
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 10.077 3.556 4.363 4.386 4.608 4.322
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 4.207 3.894 4.796 5.466 4.886 4.621
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 4.207 4.545 4.671 5.339 4.727 4.461
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 11.4 10.2 9.8 9.5 9.25 9
Employment Persons Millions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 209.791 211.203 212.561 213.862 215.108 216.298
General government revenue National currency Billions 2239.01 2390.63 2544.44 2715.11 2895.38 3083.29
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 30.965 30.892 30.831 30.855 30.859 30.82
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 2769.62 2928.59 3117.46 3291.85 3477.4 3668.39
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 38.303 37.844 37.775 37.409 37.062 36.668
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -530.606 -537.963 -573.022 -576.741 -582.023 -585.101
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -7.338 -6.952 -6.943 -6.554 -6.203 -5.849
General government structural balance National currency Billions -468.258 -498.88 -549.594 -567.178 -580.606 -583.591
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -6.289 -6.338 -6.598 -6.425 -6.188 -5.833
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -130.525 -79.738 -38.847 7.167 53.784 102.978
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -1.805 -1.03 -0.471 0.081 0.573 1.029
General government net debt National currency Billions 4062.4 4545.92 5022.73 5524.54 6021.36 6577.42
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 56.181 58.743 60.861 62.782 64.176 65.746
General government gross debt National currency Billions 6533.87 7151.21 7767.73 8412.88 9057.79 9767.06
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 90.36 92.409 94.122 95.606 96.538 97.629
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 7230.89 7738.64 8252.79 8799.58 9382.59 10004.23
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -33.191 -33.146 -35.464 -38.583 -43.037 -46.633
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -1.693 -1.607 -1.645 -1.711 -1.824 -1.889

Russia

Russia
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 90915.7 92468.02 93993.75 95474.15 97044.7 98641.08
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 1.619 1.707 1.65 1.575 1.645 1.645
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 108316.48 115087.6 121680.32 128239.58 134882.85 142477.03
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 1610.38 1667.46 1724.62 1783.01 1845.88 1920.94
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 4357.76 4524.72 4694.99 4867.62 5050.22 5240.72
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 119.139 124.462 129.456 134.319 138.99 144.44
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 631815.3 643090.28 654383.93 665594.08 677667.5 690164.57
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 26449.16 26921.16 27393.93 27863.22 28368.64 28891.79
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 752741.4 800403.35 847137.7 894016.96 941893 996872.67
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 11191.29 11596.73 12006.78 12430.17 12889.88 13440.27
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 30284.09 31468.18 32686.47 33934.38 35265.9 36667.91
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 3.068 3.013 2.957 2.9 2.846 2.792
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 24.856 25.435 25.917 26.345 26.708 27.187
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 24.313 24.614 24.699 24.581 24.747 24.78
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 30.032 29.678 29.15 28.584 28.142 27.742
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 1691.42 1767.88 1842.13 1917.66 1994.37 2074.14
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 4.99 4.52 4.2 4.1 4 4
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 1675.38 1745.14 1815.81 1888.45 1963.04 2041.56
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 4.849 4.164 4.05 4 3.95 4
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.8 6.244 6.75 6.011 6.222 6.292
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 4.147 6.669 7.182 6.445 6.662 6.737
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.264 3.721 3.877 4.067 4.362 4.512
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 3.798 4.004 4.207 4.3 4.86 4.743
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 4.8 4.7 4.65 4.75 4.9 5.2
Employment Persons Millions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 143.896 143.787 143.637 143.442 143.204 142.924
General government revenue National currency Billions 36862.4 38796.85 40693.87 42692.61 44843.27 47253.33
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 34.032 33.711 33.443 33.291 33.246 33.166
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 35824.85 37924.53 40180.42 42691.29 45162.51 47757.8
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 33.074 32.953 33.021 33.29 33.483 33.52
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 1037.55 872.325 513.451 1.325 -319.241 -504.469
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 0.958 0.758 0.422 0.001 -0.237 -0.354
General government structural balance National currency Billions 984.697 760.438 365.077 -93.108 -385.668 -504.469
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** 0.911 0.663 0.302 -0.073 -0.287 -0.354
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 1467.61 1473.9 1417.26 1032.11 800.668 681.392
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 1.355 1.281 1.165 0.805 0.594 0.478
General government net debt National currency Billions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
General government gross debt National currency Billions 14934.35 15994.71 17150.11 18836.55 21466.36 24017.29
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 13.788 13.898 14.094 14.689 15.915 16.857
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 108316.48 115087.6 121680.32 128239.58 134882.85 142477.03
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 92.105 84.444 76.762 71.37 62.655 56.915
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 5.719 5.064 4.451 4.003 3.394 2.963

India

India
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 151333.18 162666.04 175256.16 188804.35 203421.55 219160.98
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 7.257 7.489 7.74 7.731 7.742 7.737
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 212764.06 238192.26 267046.73 298909.31 334435.76 374163.49
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 2972 3257.72 3577.32 3924.11 4306.29 4729.32
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 11468.02 12584.23 13840.08 15218.52 16736.53 18408.85
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 140.593 146.43 152.375 158.317 164.405 170.725
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 111951.57 118772.7 126303.9 134300.99 142819.63 151872.07
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 7409.38 7860.83 8359.27 8888.55 9452.35 10051.47
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 157396.21 173919.15 192455.69 212621.24 234803.01 259284.22
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 2198.59 2378.67 2578.11 2791.31 3023.39 3277.28
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 8483.69 9188.54 9974.3 10825.29 11750.5 12756.79
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 8.073 8.38 8.717 9.068 9.432 9.808
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 18.553 18.928 19.295 19.641 19.982 20.325
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 31.744 31.814 31.989 32.032 32.125 32.28
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 29.269 29.423 29.558 29.551 29.645 29.793
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 153.999 160.537 167.332 174.322 181.445 188.689
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 3.882 4.245 4.232 4.178 4.086 3.992
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 145.981 152.244 158.64 165.267 172.02 178.886
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 4.086 4.29 4.201 4.178 4.086 3.991
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 9.949 8.728 8.73 8.634 8.904 8.908
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 10.5 9 9 8.5 8.5 8.5
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 8 8 8.133 8.5 8.5 8.5
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 8 8 8 8.5 8.5 8.5
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Employment Persons Millions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 1351.77 1369.56 1387.58 1405.83 1424.33 1443.06
General government revenue National currency Billions 43302.6 48578.17 54547.22 61147.86 68518.74 76774.19
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 20.352 20.395 20.426 20.457 20.488 20.519
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 57928.26 64370.91 71750.15 79858.11 89143.24 99501.09
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 27.227 27.025 26.868 26.717 26.655 26.593
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -14625.66 -15792.74 -17202.93 -18710.25 -20624.51 -22726.9
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -6.874 -6.63 -6.442 -6.26 -6.167 -6.074
General government structural balance National currency Billions -14625.66 -15792.74 -17202.93 -18710.25 -20624.51 -22726.9
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -6.901 -6.654 -6.469 -6.286 -6.193 -6.103
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -4117.52 -4399.09 -4853.02 -5150.47 -5736.06 -6362.12
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -1.935 -1.847 -1.817 -1.723 -1.715 -1.7
General government net debt National currency Billions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
General government gross debt National currency Billions 146886.35 161509.23 177531.81 195102.28 214578.96 236153.19
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 69.037 67.806 66.48 65.271 64.161 63.115
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 212764.06 238192.26 267046.73 298909.31 334435.76 374163.49
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -73.551 -77.895 -86.94 -97.359 -106.769 -117.591
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -2.475 -2.391 -2.43 -2.481 -2.479 -2.486

China

China
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 90212.67 95732.43 101476.37 107311.26 113320.69 119553.33
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 6.267 6.119 6 5.75 5.6 5.5
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 96012.58 104146.95 112682.2 121713.7 131531.92 141922.94
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 14216.5 15468.1 16806.5 18206.85 19713.52 21309.5
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 27331.17 29609.09 32038.09 34581.36 37274.68 40147.77
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 106.429 108.79 111.043 113.421 116.071 118.711
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 64429.63 68163.96 72062.77 76035.38 80302.15 84728.06
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 17048.01 18036.11 19067.73 20118.88 21247.86 22418.95
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 68571.92 74155.32 80020.52 86240.22 93207.13 100581.51
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 10153.39 11013.68 11935.03 12900.46 13969.54 15102.15
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 19519.84 21082.44 22751.64 24502.61 26413.86 28452.93
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 19.241 19.717 20.179 20.606 21.006 21.391
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 3.513 3.517 3.517 3.52 3.529 3.535
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 43.034 42.281 41.759 41.233 40.618 39.998
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 43.454 42.545 41.88 41.197 40.511 39.808
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 108.176 110.888 113.992 117.298 120.817 124.442
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 2.278 2.507 2.8 2.9 3 3
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 108.93 111.661 114.787 118.116 121.66 125.309
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 2.196 2.507 2.8 2.9 3 3
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 4.141 4.83 4.562 4.347 4.105 3.452
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 3.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 4 3.4
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.3 4.1 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.9
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 3.1 4 3.4 3.2 3 2.8
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Employment Persons Millions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 1400.17 1404.44 1408.17 1411.33 1411.18 1411.02
General government revenue National currency Billions 27554.34 30240.12 32292.33 34577.52 37016.52 39573.46
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 28.699 29.036 28.658 28.409 28.143 27.884
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 33375.54 35950.29 38373.8 41170.45 44020.99 47034.99
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 34.762 34.519 34.055 33.826 33.468 33.141
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -5821.2 -5710.17 -6081.47 -6592.92 -7004.47 -7461.53
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -6.063 -5.483 -5.397 -5.417 -5.325 -5.257
General government structural balance National currency Billions -5866.34 -5731.2 -6103.92 -6578.09 -6967.78 -7400.5
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -6.118 -5.506 -5.42 -5.403 -5.293 -5.206
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -4749.85 -4479.76 -4672.2 -4994.42 -5206.12 -5453.91
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -4.947 -4.301 -4.146 -4.103 -3.958 -3.843
General government net debt National currency Billions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
General government gross debt National currency Billions 53154.12 61980.17 71246.15 81156.38 91622.71 102782.16
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 55.362 59.512 63.228 66.678 69.658 72.421
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 96012.58 104146.95 112682.2 121713.7 131531.92 141922.94
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 59.631 40.831 20.368 -6.647 -21.119 -40.431
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 0.419 0.264 0.121 -0.037 -0.107 -0.19

South Africa

South Africa
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 3182.27 3230.01 3288.15 3347.33 3407.58 3469.24
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 1.2 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.809
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 5176.82 5538.28 5948.06 6388.15 6860.81 7369.13
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 371.298 386.727 403.422 421.287 439.083 458.578
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 813.1 842.53 875.526 909.728 945.295 982.541
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 162.677 171.463 180.894 190.843 201.339 212.413
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 54264.9 54217.34 54329.92 54442.73 54555.79 54674.17
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 12109.42 12098.81 12123.93 12149.1 12174.33 12200.75
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 88276.43 92962.93 98279.54 103900.21 109842.35 116135.14
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 6331.46 6491.42 6665.73 6852.02 7029.77 7227.04
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 13865.19 14142.31 14466.29 14796.29 15134.28 15484.54
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 0.572 0.561 0.551 0.542 0.533 0.523
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 6.367 6.573 6.794 7.022 7.258 7.5
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 17.838 17.801 17.874 17.986 18.109 18.236
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 14.43 14.086 14.053 14.21 14.363 14.528
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 113.09 119.198 125.754 132.67 139.967 147.666
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 4.956 5.401 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 116.172 122.561 129.302 136.414 143.916 151.832
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.032 3.298 3.312 3.312 3.312 3.312
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 3.032 3.298 3.312 3.312 3.312 3.312
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.425 3.28 3.47 3.612 3.565 3.565
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.425 3.28 3.47 3.612 3.565 3.565
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 27.527 27.836 27.974 28.106 28.231 28.351
Employment Persons Millions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 58.643 59.575 60.522 61.484 62.461 63.453
General government revenue National currency Billions 1529.17 1642.69 1768.18 1895.82 2035.28 2189.95
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 29.539 29.661 29.727 29.677 29.665 29.718
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 1790.82 1922.65 2060.23 2212.09 2375.06 2549.44
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 34.593 34.716 34.637 34.628 34.618 34.596
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -261.65 -279.967 -292.052 -316.262 -339.778 -359.484
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -5.054 -5.055 -4.91 -4.951 -4.952 -4.878
General government structural balance National currency Billions -211.842 -218.314 -231.419 -262.805 -282.771 -298.46
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -4.071 -3.925 -3.883 -4.11 -4.119 -4.048
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -56.591 -52.509 -39.459 -35.489 -29.345 -17.598
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -1.093 -0.948 -0.663 -0.556 -0.428 -0.239
General government net debt National currency Billions 2759.19 3098.28 3457.88 3834.81 4234.91 4661.4
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 53.299 55.943 58.135 60.03 61.726 63.256
General government gross debt National currency Billions 2992.71 3311.51 3675.58 4058.77 4465.14 4897.9
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 57.81 59.793 61.795 63.536 65.082 66.465
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 5176.82 5538.28 5948.06 6388.15 6860.81 7369.13
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -12.654 -14.368 -15.413 -15.909 -16.447 -17.003
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -3.408 -3.715 -3.821 -3.776 -3.746 -3.708