Analysis

Share prices

  • Source:Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


Consumer prices

  • Source:Bank for International Settlements


WORLD FACTBOOK

  • Source:Central Intelligence Agency

Canada

Canada
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 9,984,670 (sq km) 3 *****
Population 35,881,659 Population 38 July 2018 est.
Median age 42.4 (years) 31 *****
Population growth rate 0.72 (%) 139 2018 est.
Birth rate 10.2 (births/1,000 population) 189 2018 est.
Death rate 8.8 (deaths/1,000 population) 67 2018 est.
Net migration rate 5.7 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 20 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 10 (deaths/100,000 live births) 145 2017 est.
Infant mortality rate 4.5 (deaths/1,000 live births) 180 est.
Life expectancy at birth 82 (years) 18 est.
Total fertility rate 1.6 (children born/woman) 180 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 29.4 (%) 26 2016
Education expenditures 5.3 (% of GDP) 48 2011
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 11.1 (%) 117 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,774,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 17 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 3 (%) 112 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 48,400 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 34 2017 est.
Gross national saving 20.8 (% of GDP) 90 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 4.9 (%) 60 2017 est.
Labor force 19,520,000 Labor force 31 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 6.3 (%) 94 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 32.1 Distribution of family income - Gini index 119 2005
Taxes and other revenues 39.3 (% (of GDP)) 48 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1 (% (of GDP)) 77 2017 est.
Public debt 89.7 (% of GDP) 25 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.6 (%) 87 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 1 (%) 133 31 December 2010
Commercial bank prime lending rate 3.2 (%) 172 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 748,900,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 9 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 748,900,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 9 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 3,219,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 8 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,593,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 7 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance -48,750,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 204 2017 est.
Exports 423,500,000,000 Exports(USD) 11 2017 est.
Imports 442,100,000,000 Imports(USD) 12 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 86,680,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 28 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 1,608,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 13 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 1,039,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 10 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 1,371,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 11 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 649,600,000,000 (kWh) 6 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 522,200,000,000 (kWh) 7 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 73,350,000,000 (kWh) 2 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 2,682,000,000 (kWh) 52 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 143,500,000 (kW) 8 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 23 (% of total installed capacity) 191 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 9 (% of total installed capacity) 16 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 56 (% of total installed capacity) 30 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 12 (% of total installed capacity) 73 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 4,264,000 (bbl/day) 5 2018 est.
Crude oil - exports 2,818,000 (bbl/day) 4 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 806,700 (bbl/day) 14 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 170,500,000,000 (bbl) 3 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 2,009,000 (bbl/day) 10 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,445,000 (bbl/day) 10 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 1,115,000 (bbl/day) 8 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 405,700 (bbl/day) 21 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 159,100,000,000 (cu m) 5 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 124,400,000,000 (cu m) 6 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 83,960,000,000 (cu m) 5 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 26,360,000,000 (cu m) 13 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,056,000,000,000 (cu m) 16 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 640,600,000 (Mt) 9 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 14,700,854 Telephones - fixed lines 15 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 31,458,600 Telephones - mobile cellular 43 est.
Internet users 31,770,034 Internet users 21 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 13,922,504 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 14 est.
Airports 1,467 Airports 4 2013
Railways 77,932 (km) 4 2014
Roadways 1,042,300 (km) 8 2011
Waterways 636 (km) 77 2011
Merchant marine 657 Merchant marine 32 *****
Military expenditures 1.25 (% of GDP) 98 2018

France

France
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 643,801 (sq km) 44 *****
Population 67,364,357 Population 21 July 2018 est.
Median age 41.5 (years) 40 *****
Population growth rate 0.37 (%) 166 2018 est.
Birth rate 12.1 (births/1,000 population) 162 2018 est.
Death rate 9.4 (deaths/1,000 population) 51 2018 est.
Net migration rate 1.1 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 60 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 8 (deaths/100,000 live births) 151 2017 est.
Infant mortality rate 3.2 (deaths/1,000 live births) 209 est.
Life expectancy at birth 82 (years) 19 est.
Total fertility rate 2.06 (children born/woman) 106 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.3 (%) 87 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 180,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 31 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.6 (%) 87 2016
Education expenditures 5.5 (% of GDP) 43 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 22.3 (%) 60 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,856,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 10 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 2.3 (%) 141 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 44,100 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 40 2017 est.
Gross national saving 22.9 (% of GDP) 77 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 2 (%) 130 2017 est.
Labor force 30,680,000 Labor force 20 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 9.4 (%) 136 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 29.3 Distribution of family income - Gini index 137 2016
Taxes and other revenues 53.8 (% (of GDP)) 10 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.6 (% (of GDP)) 116 2017 est.
Public debt 96.8 (% of GDP) 20 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.2 (%) 64 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0 (%) 153 31 December 2016
Commercial bank prime lending rate 1.29 (%) 193 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 1,465,000,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 5 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 1,465,000,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 5 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 4,334,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 5 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,591,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 8 31 March 2017 est.
Current account balance -14,830,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 195 2017 est.
Exports 549,900,000,000 Exports(USD) 7 2017 est.
Imports 601,700,000,000 Imports(USD) 6 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 156,400,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 15 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 5,360,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 3 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 858,300,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 12 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 1,429,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 9 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 529,100,000,000 (kWh) 9 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 450,800,000,000 (kWh) 10 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 61,410,000,000 (kWh) 3 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 19,900,000,000 (kWh) 10 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 130,800,000 (kW) 9 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 17 (% of total installed capacity) 198 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 50 (% of total installed capacity) 1 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 15 (% of total installed capacity) 102 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 19 (% of total installed capacity) 42 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 16,000 (bbl/day) 71 2018 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 126 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 1,147,000 (bbl/day) 9 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 65,970,000 (bbl) 75 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 1,311,000 (bbl/day) 15 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,705,000 (bbl/day) 13 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 440,600 (bbl/day) 19 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 886,800 (bbl/day) 8 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 16,990,000 (cu m) 90 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 41,880,000,000 (cu m) 24 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 6,031,000,000 (cu m) 26 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 48,590,000,000 (cu m) 10 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 8,410,000,000 (cu m) 81 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 341,200,000 (Mt) 22 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 38,687,000 Telephones - fixed lines 6 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 69,017,000 Telephones - mobile cellular 22 est.
Internet users 57,226,585 Internet users 11 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 28,429,000 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 7 est.
Airports 464 Airports 17 2013
Railways 29,640 (km) 10 2014
Roadways 1,053,215 (km) 7 2011
Merchant marine 555 Merchant marine 39 *****
Military expenditures 1.82 (% of GDP) 60 2018

Germany

Germany
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 357,022 (sq km) 64 *****
Population 80,457,737 Population 19 July 2018 est.
Median age 47.4 (years) 3 *****
Population growth rate -0.17 (%) 208 2018 est.
Birth rate 8.6 (births/1,000 population) 213 2018 est.
Death rate 11.8 (deaths/1,000 population) 19 2018 est.
Net migration rate 1.5 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 56 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 7 (deaths/100,000 live births) 154 2017 est.
Infant mortality rate 3.4 (deaths/1,000 live births) 202 est.
Life expectancy at birth 80.9 (years) 37 est.
Total fertility rate 1.46 (children born/woman) 204 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1 (%) 123 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 87,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 46 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 22.3 (%) 79 2016
Education expenditures 4.8 (% of GDP) 75 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 6.8 (%) 158 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 4,199,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 5 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 2.5 (%) 128 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 50,800 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 27 2017 est.
Gross national saving 28 (% of GDP) 40 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 3.3 (%) 95 2017 est.
Labor force 45,900,000 Labor force 14 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 3.8 (%) 46 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 27 Distribution of family income - Gini index 145 2006
Taxes and other revenues 45 (% (of GDP)) 22 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 1.3 (% (of GDP)) 25 2017 est.
Public debt 63.9 (% of GDP) 61 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.7 (%) 92 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0 (%) 154 31 December 2017
Commercial bank prime lending rate 1.67 (%) 187 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 2,453,000,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 4 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 2,453,000,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 4 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 5,033,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 4 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,716,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 6 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance 291,000,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 1 2017 est.
Exports 1,434,000,000,000 Exports(USD) 3 2017 est.
Imports 1,135,000,000,000 Imports(USD) 3 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 200,100,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 13 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 5,326,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 4 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 1,653,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 5 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 2,298,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 3 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 612,800,000,000 (kWh) 7 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 536,500,000,000 (kWh) 6 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 78,860,000,000 (kWh) 1 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 28,340,000,000 (kWh) 5 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 208,500,000 (kW) 6 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 41 (% of total installed capacity) 166 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 5 (% of total installed capacity) 21 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 2 (% of total installed capacity) 137 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 52 (% of total installed capacity) 4 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 41,000 (bbl/day) 56 2018 est.
Crude oil - exports 6,569 (bbl/day) 63 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 1,836,000 (bbl/day) 6 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 129,600,000 (bbl) 65 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 2,158,000 (bbl/day) 9 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,460,000 (bbl/day) 9 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 494,000 (bbl/day) 17 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 883,800 (bbl/day) 9 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 7,900,000,000 (cu m) 45 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 93,360,000,000 (cu m) 8 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 34,610,000,000 (cu m) 11 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 119,500,000,000 (cu m) 1 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 39,500,000,000 (cu m) 64 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 847,600,000 (Mt) 6 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 44,400,000 Telephones - fixed lines 4 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 106,000,000 Telephones - mobile cellular 15 est.
Internet users 72,365,643 Internet users 8 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 33,217,000 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 4 est.
Airports 539 Airports 13 2013
Railways 33,590 (km) 7 2017
Roadways 625,000 (km) 12 2017
Waterways 7,467 (km) 18 2012
Merchant marine 629 Merchant marine 33 *****
Military expenditures 1.24 (% of GDP) 101 2018

Italy

Italy
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 301,340 (sq km) 73 *****
Population 62,246,674 Population 23 July 2018 est.
Median age 45.8 (years) 5 *****
Population growth rate 0.16 (%) 183 2018 est.
Birth rate 8.5 (births/1,000 population) 216 2018 est.
Death rate 10.5 (deaths/1,000 population) 28 2018 est.
Net migration rate 3.6 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 37 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 2 (deaths/100,000 live births) 182 2017 est.
Infant mortality rate 3.2 (deaths/1,000 live births) 210 est.
Life expectancy at birth 82.4 (years) 15 est.
Total fertility rate 1.45 (children born/woman) 206 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.3 (%) 89 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 130,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 38 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 19.9 (%) 108 2016
Education expenditures 4.1 (% of GDP) 104 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 34.7 (%) 22 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,317,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 12 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 1.5 (%) 171 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 38,200 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 50 2017 est.
Gross national saving 20.3 (% of GDP) 95 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 2.1 (%) 128 2017 est.
Labor force 25,940,000 Labor force 24 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 11.3 (%) 153 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 31.9 Distribution of family income - Gini index 121 2012 est.
Taxes and other revenues 46.6 (% (of GDP)) 20 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.3 (% (of GDP)) 111 2017 est.
Public debt 131.8 (% of GDP) 5 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.3 (%) 68 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0.25 (%) 139 31 December 2013
Commercial bank prime lending rate 3 (%) 174 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 1,347,000,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 6 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 1,347,000,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 6 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 3,422,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 6 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 587,300,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 20 31 December 2014 est.
Current account balance 53,420,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 9 2017 est.
Exports 496,300,000,000 Exports(USD) 9 2017 est.
Imports 432,900,000,000 Imports(USD) 13 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 151,200,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 16 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 2,444,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 9 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 552,100,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 17 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 671,800,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 15 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 275,300,000,000 (kWh) 14 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 293,500,000,000 (kWh) 13 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 6,155,000,000 (kWh) 30 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 43,180,000,000 (kWh) 2 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 114,200,000 (kW) 10 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 54 (% of total installed capacity) 143 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 0 (% of total installed capacity) 114 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 14 (% of total installed capacity) 106 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 32 (% of total installed capacity) 14 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 90,000 (bbl/day) 44 2018 est.
Crude oil - exports 13,790 (bbl/day) 57 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 1,341,000 (bbl/day) 7 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 487,800,000 (bbl) 45 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 1,607,000 (bbl/day) 12 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,236,000 (bbl/day) 19 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 615,900 (bbl/day) 13 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 422,500 (bbl/day) 19 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 5,550,000,000 (cu m) 50 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 75,150,000,000 (cu m) 11 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 271,800,000 (cu m) 44 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 69,660,000,000 (cu m) 5 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 38,110,000,000 (cu m) 65 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 351,000,000 (Mt) 20 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 20,700,659 Telephones - fixed lines 12 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 83,871,543 Telephones - mobile cellular 19 est.
Internet users 38,025,661 Internet users 18 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 16,586,376 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 12 est.
Airports 129 Airports 45 2013
Railways 20,182 (km) 15 2014
Roadways 487,700 (km) 15 2007
Waterways 2,400 (km) 36 2012
Merchant marine 1,405 Merchant marine 20 *****
Military expenditures 1.33 (% of GDP) 88 2018

Japan

Japan
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 377,915 (sq km) 63 *****
Population 126,168,156 Population 10 July 2018 est.
Median age 47.7 (years) 2 *****
Population growth rate -0.24 (%) 212 2018 est.
Birth rate 7.5 (births/1,000 population) 223 2018 est.
Death rate 9.9 (deaths/1,000 population) 37 2018 est.
Net migration rate 0 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 87 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 5 (deaths/100,000 live births) 166 2017 est.
Infant mortality rate 2 (deaths/1,000 live births) 222 est.
Life expectancy at birth 85.5 (years) 2 est.
Total fertility rate 1.42 (children born/woman) 209 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 30,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 72 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.3 (%) 186 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 3.4 (%) 95 2010
Education expenditures 3.5 (% of GDP) 126 2016
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 3.6 (%) 171 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 5,443,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 4 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 1.7 (%) 164 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 42,900 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 42 2017 est.
Gross national saving 28 (% of GDP) 41 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 1.4 (%) 145 2017 est.
Labor force 65,010,000 Labor force 8 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 2.9 (%) 34 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 37.9 Distribution of family income - Gini index 79 2011
Taxes and other revenues 35.2 (% (of GDP)) 63 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.5 (% (of GDP)) 147 2017 est.
Public debt 237.6 (% of GDP) 1 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.5 (%) 27 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0.3 (%) 138 31 December 2015
Commercial bank prime lending rate 1.48 (%) 191 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 6,317,000,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 2 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 6,317,000,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 2 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 13,070,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 3 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 4,895,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 3 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance 196,100,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 2 2017 est.
Exports 688,900,000,000 Exports(USD) 4 2017 est.
Imports 644,700,000,000 Imports(USD) 4 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,264,000,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 2 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 3,240,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 7 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 252,900,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 25 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 1,547,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 8 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 989,300,000,000 (kWh) 5 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 943,700,000,000 (kWh) 4 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 0 (kWh) 152 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 0 (kWh) 163 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 295,900,000 (kW) 4 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 71 (% of total installed capacity) 105 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 1 (% of total installed capacity) 30 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 8 (% of total installed capacity) 121 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 20 (% of total installed capacity) 38 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 3,200 (bbl/day) 82 2018 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 143 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 3,208,000 (bbl/day) 4 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 44,120,000 (bbl) 77 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 3,467,000 (bbl/day) 5 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 3,894,000 (bbl/day) 4 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 370,900 (bbl/day) 24 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,100,000 (bbl/day) 5 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 3,058,000,000 (cu m) 57 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 127,200,000,000 (cu m) 5 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 169,900,000 (cu m) 47 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 116,600,000,000 (cu m) 2 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 20,900,000,000 (cu m) 74 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,268,000,000 (Mt) 5 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 63,941,094 Telephones - fixed lines 3 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 170,128,499 Telephones - mobile cellular 7 est.
Internet users 116,565,962 Internet users 5 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 40,390,640 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 3 est.
Airports 175 Airports 33 2013
Railways 27,311 (km) 11 2015
Roadways 1,218,772 (km) 6 2015
Waterways 1,770 (km) 44 2010
Merchant marine 5,299 Merchant marine 3 *****
Military expenditures 0.93 (% of GDP) 124 2018

United Kingdom

United Kingdom
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 243,610 (sq km) 81 *****
Population 65,105,246 Population 22 July 2018 est.
Median age 40.5 (years) 48 *****
Population growth rate 0.51 (%) 154 2018 est.
Birth rate 12 (births/1,000 population) 167 2018 est.
Death rate 9.4 (deaths/1,000 population) 53 2018 est.
Net migration rate 2.5 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 42 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 7 (deaths/100,000 live births) 158 2017 est.
Infant mortality rate 4.2 (deaths/1,000 live births) 190 est.
Life expectancy at birth 80.9 (years) 39 est.
Total fertility rate 1.88 (children born/woman) 137 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 27.8 (%) 36 2016
Education expenditures 5.5 (% of GDP) 44 2016
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 12.1 (%) 114 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,925,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 9 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 1.7 (%) 166 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 44,300 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 39 2017 est.
Gross national saving 13.6 (% of GDP) 142 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 3.4 (%) 93 2017 est.
Labor force 33,500,000 Labor force 17 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 4.4 (%) 61 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 32.4 Distribution of family income - Gini index 117 2012
Taxes and other revenues 39.1 (% (of GDP)) 49 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.9 (% (of GDP)) 102 2017 est.
Public debt 87.5 (% of GDP) 29 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.7 (%) 126 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0.25 (%) 141 31 December 2016
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.38 (%) 159 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 110,900,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 34 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 110,900,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 34 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 3,220,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 7 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 3,019,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 5 31 December 2012 est.
Current account balance -99,210,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 205 2017 est.
Exports 441,200,000,000 Exports(USD) 10 2017 est.
Imports 615,900,000,000 Imports(USD) 5 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 150,800,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 17 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 8,126,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 2 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 2,078,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 4 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 2,110,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 4 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 318,200,000,000 (kWh) 12 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 309,200,000,000 (kWh) 11 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 2,153,000,000 (kWh) 45 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 19,700,000,000 (kWh) 12 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 97,060,000 (kW) 13 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 50 (% of total installed capacity) 152 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 9 (% of total installed capacity) 17 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 2 (% of total installed capacity) 143 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 39 (% of total installed capacity) 7 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 1,000,000 (bbl/day) 20 2018 est.
Crude oil - exports 710,600 (bbl/day) 20 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 907,100 (bbl/day) 11 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 2,069,000,000 (bbl) 33 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 1,290,000 (bbl/day) 16 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,584,000 (bbl/day) 15 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 613,800 (bbl/day) 14 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 907,500 (bbl/day) 7 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 42,110,000,000 (cu m) 19 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 79,170,000,000 (cu m) 10 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 11,270,000,000 (cu m) 19 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 47,000,000,000 (cu m) 11 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 176,000,000,000 (cu m) 46 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 424,000,000 (Mt) 16 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 33,140,662 Telephones - fixed lines 7 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 79,173,658 Telephones - mobile cellular 20 est.
Internet users 61,064,454 Internet users 10 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 26,015,818 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 8 est.
Airports 460 Airports 18 2013
Railways 16,837 (km) 17 2015
Roadways 394,428 (km) 19 2009
Waterways 3,200 (km) 31 2009
Merchant marine 1,570 Merchant marine 18 *****
Military expenditures 2.13 (% of GDP) 44 2019

United States

United States
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 9,833,517 (sq km) 4 *****
Population 329,256,465 Population 3 July 2018 est.
Median age 38.2 (years) 61 *****
Population growth rate 0.8 (%) 130 2018 est.
Birth rate 12.4 (births/1,000 population) 157 2018 est.
Death rate 8.2 (deaths/1,000 population) 86 2018 est.
Net migration rate 3.8 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 35 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 19 (deaths/100,000 live births) 129 2017 est.
Infant mortality rate 5.7 (deaths/1,000 live births) 170 est.
Life expectancy at birth 80.1 (years) 45 est.
Total fertility rate 1.87 (children born/woman) 142 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 36.2 (%) 12 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 0.5 (%) 126 2012
Education expenditures 5 (% of GDP) 69 2014
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 8.6 (%) 139 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 19,490,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 2 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 2.2 (%) 145 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 59,800 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 19 2017 est.
Gross national saving 18.9 (% of GDP) 106 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 2.3 (%) 122 2017 est.
Labor force 160,400,000 Labor force 3 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 4.4 (%) 62 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 45 Distribution of family income - Gini index 41 2007
Taxes and other revenues 17 (% (of GDP)) 172 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.4 (% (of GDP)) 145 2017 est.
Public debt 78.8 (% of GDP) 36 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.1 (%) 110 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0.5 (%) 137 31 December 2010
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.1 (%) 165 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 3,512,000,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 3 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 3,512,000,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 3 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 21,590,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 2 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 25,070,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 1 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance -449,100,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 206 2017 est.
Exports 1,553,000,000,000 Exports(USD) 2 2017 est.
Imports 2,361,000,000,000 Imports(USD) 1 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 123,300,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 20 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 17,910,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 1 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 4,080,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 2 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 5,711,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 2 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 4,095,000,000,000 (kWh) 2 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 3,902,000,000,000 (kWh) 2 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 9,695,000,000 (kWh) 22 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 72,720,000,000 (kWh) 1 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1,087,000,000 (kW) 2 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 70 (% of total installed capacity) 111 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 9 (% of total installed capacity) 18 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 7 (% of total installed capacity) 128 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 14 (% of total installed capacity) 65 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 10,962,000 (bbl/day) 1 2018 est.
Crude oil - exports 1,158,000 (bbl/day) 12 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 7,969,000 (bbl/day) 1 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 20,300,000 (bbl/day) 1 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 19,960,000 (bbl/day) 1 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 5,218,000 (bbl/day) 1 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 2,175,000 (bbl/day) 2 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 772,800,000,000 (cu m) 1 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 767,600,000,000 (cu m) 1 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 89,700,000,000 (cu m) 4 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 86,150,000,000 (cu m) 4 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 0 (cu m) 203 1 January 2017 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 5,242,000,000 (Mt) 2 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 119,902,000 Telephones - fixed lines 2 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 395,881,000 Telephones - mobile cellular 4 est.
Internet users 246,809,221 Internet users 3 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 109,838,000 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 2 est.
Airports 13,513 Airports 1 2013
Railways 293,564 (km) 1 2014
Roadways 6,586,610 (km) 1 2012
Waterways 41,009 (km) 5 2012
Merchant marine 3,692 Merchant marine 5 *****
Military expenditures 3.16 (% of GDP) 19 2018

World Economic Outlook

  • Source:International Monetary Fund

Canada

Canada
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 2083.35 2123.57 2161.53 2196.92 2232.07 2267.78
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 1.458 1.93 1.787 1.637 1.6 1.6
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 2289.45 2380.19 2473.75 2567.57 2664.45 2759.26
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 1739.11 1832.49 1925.55 2027.4 2133.72 2242.04
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 1896.73 1973.71 2050.75 2127.46 2206.29 2288.5
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 109.893 112.084 114.444 116.871 119.372 121.672
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 55607.54 56147.38 56620.23 57020.48 57409.12 57807.16
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 44215.3 44644.55 45020.52 45338.78 45647.8 45964.29
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 61108.59 62932.49 64798.69 66640.6 68530.14 70335.23
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 46419.23 48451.24 50438.94 52620.59 54879.52 57150.94
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 50626.18 52185.08 53718.54 55217.72 56746.15 58335.41
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** -0.37 0.087 0.276 0.275 0.218 0.108
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 1.335 1.314 1.292 1.268 1.243 1.219
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 1.207 1.206 1.206 1.207 1.208 1.206
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 22.916 23.291 23.347 23.489 23.633 23.796
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 19.829 20.47 20.761 20.89 20.98 21.356
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 135.615 138.231 141.001 144.031 147.122 150.045
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.693 1.929 2.004 2.149 2.146 1.987
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 136.598 139.228 142.097 145.209 148.243 151.144
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.812 1.926 2.061 2.19 2.089 1.957
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 0.245 2.236 2.343 2.211 2.154 2.173
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** -0.007 2.064 2.216 2.063 1.997 2.018
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.601 2.684 2.265 2.213 1.75 2.294
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.526 2.579 2.105 2.048 1.529 2.133
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 5.891 5.999 6.115 6.251 6.394 6.5
Employment Persons Millions 18.845 19.002 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 37.465 37.821 38.176 38.529 38.88 39.23
General government revenue National currency Billions 918.159 953.324 991.405 1028.66 1067.78 1105.77
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 40.104 40.052 40.077 40.064 40.075 40.075
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 932.648 968.468 1006.79 1046.27 1083.48 1122.07
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 40.737 40.689 40.699 40.749 40.664 40.666
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -14.488 -15.143 -15.388 -17.608 -15.704 -16.296
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -0.633 -0.636 -0.622 -0.686 -0.589 -0.591
General government structural balance National currency Billions -10.312 -16.166 -18.76 -21.102 -18.578 -17.729
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -0.449 -0.68 -0.761 -0.824 -0.699 -0.643
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -4.253 0.841 6.665 9.508 11.204 10.366
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -0.186 0.035 0.269 0.37 0.421 0.376
General government net debt National currency Billions 609.647 613.883 618.039 624.447 628.593 633.695
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 26.629 25.791 24.984 24.321 23.592 22.966
General government gross debt National currency Billions 2015.02 2015.52 2010.01 2002.46 1994.44 1987.94
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 88.013 84.679 81.254 77.99 74.854 72.046
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 2289.45 2380.19 2473.75 2567.57 2664.45 2759.26
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -53.684 -51.691 -49.787 -52.7 -56.595 -54.702
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -3.087 -2.821 -2.586 -2.599 -2.652 -2.44

France

France
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 2310.43 2343.07 2377.3 2413.45 2450.35 2488.32
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 1.297 1.413 1.461 1.52 1.529 1.55
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 2414.96 2488.13 2564.93 2649.46 2740.85 2836.93
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 2761.63 2876.05 2981.6 3099.76 3219.88 3354.13
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 3054.6 3162.44 3275.34 3393.94 3517.24 3646.5
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 104.524 106.191 107.893 109.779 111.856 114.01
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 35533.45 35871.2 36229.38 36612.63 37003.01 37405.25
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 41029.45 41419.44 41833.02 42275.55 42726.31 43190.76
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 37141.07 38092 39088.84 40192.98 41390.03 42645.68
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 42472.71 44030.88 45438.77 47024.14 48623.94 50420.33
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 46978.4 48415.25 49915.2 51487.04 53114.37 54815.39
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** 0.113 0.075 0.039 0.025 0 0
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 2.15 2.106 2.063 2.022 1.982 1.943
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 0.791 0.787 0.783 0.781 0.779 0.778
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 22.572 22.561 22.592 22.774 23.018 23.271
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 22.202 22.542 22.729 22.777 22.665 22.513
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 104.974 106.598 108.279 110.172 112.207 114.325
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.323 1.547 1.577 1.748 1.848 1.887
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 105.516 107.226 108.95 110.919 112.991 115.13
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.231 1.621 1.608 1.807 1.868 1.893
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.534 2.66 3.454 4.053 4.529 4.592
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 2.768 2.66 3.454 4.053 4.529 4.592
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.597 3.698 3.77 3.513 3.383 3.321
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 4.322 3.698 3.77 3.513 3.383 3.321
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 8.823 8.397 8.099 7.861 7.623 7.386
Employment Persons Millions 25.601 25.736 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 65.021 65.319 65.618 65.918 66.22 66.523
General government revenue National currency Billions 1266.54 1293.89 1324.32 1364.73 1410.16 1459.08
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 52.446 52.002 51.632 51.51 51.449 51.431
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 1346.08 1353.64 1388.85 1432.03 1480.34 1531.61
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 55.739 54.404 54.148 54.05 54.01 53.988
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -79.537 -59.748 -64.529 -67.297 -70.181 -72.531
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -3.293 -2.401 -2.516 -2.54 -2.561 -2.557
General government structural balance National currency Billions -59.135 -61.129 -65.426 -67.785 -70.181 -72.531
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -2.451 -2.459 -2.552 -2.559 -2.561 -2.557
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -40.097 -20.048 -23.596 -22.836 -24.408 -24.502
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -1.66 -0.806 -0.92 -0.862 -0.891 -0.864
General government net debt National currency Billions 2130.13 2181.84 2237.93 2295.94 2356.07 2418.05
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 88.206 87.69 87.251 86.657 85.961 85.235
General government gross debt National currency Billions 2395.54 2455.29 2519.82 2587.11 2657.29 2729.83
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 99.196 98.68 98.241 97.647 96.951 96.225
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 2414.96 2488.13 2564.93 2649.46 2740.85 2836.93
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -10.218 -0.546 4.077 0.078 -11.362 -25.433
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -0.37 -0.019 0.137 0.003 -0.353 -0.758

Germany

Germany
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 2994.43 3037.55 3083.2 3127.61 3168.38 3205.01
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 0.754 1.44 1.503 1.44 1.304 1.156
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 3466.29 3596.4 3729.37 3869.55 4012.61 4154.84
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 3963.88 4157.12 4335.21 4527.21 4713.91 4912.3
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 4467.24 4626.19 4793.35 4963 5131.89 5299.85
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 115.758 118.398 120.958 123.722 126.645 129.636
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 36098.51 36614.8 37188.02 37751.42 38276.79 38758.58
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 47034.04 47706.73 48453.61 49187.67 49872.2 50499.94
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 41786.95 43351.31 44981.8 46706.85 48475.78 50245.04
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 47785.51 50110.17 52289.02 54645.1 56948.1 59405.12
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 53853.61 55764.47 57814.9 59905.26 61997.63 64091.81
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** 0.751 0.6 0.6 0.449 0.249 0
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 3.145 3.081 3.019 2.957 2.892 2.824
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 0.776 0.777 0.778 0.78 0.782 0.784
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 21.112 21.54 21.883 22.153 22.352 22.469
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 28.165 28.324 28.364 28.53 28.627 28.692
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 105.429 107.193 109.267 111.677 114.161 116.704
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.342 1.673 1.935 2.206 2.225 2.227
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 106.311 108.23 110.472 112.919 115.432 118.003
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.636 1.805 2.071 2.215 2.226 2.227
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.885 4.695 4.799 4.416 4.308 4.114
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 3.65 4.695 4.798 4.344 4.223 4.027
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.012 3.798 3.8 3.8 3.65 3.517
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.63 3.798 3.8 3.8 3.65 3.5
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 3.391 3.315 3.276 3.244 3.205 3.149
Employment Persons Millions 41.893 42.031 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 82.952 82.96 82.909 82.848 82.776 82.692
General government revenue National currency Billions 1575.48 1629.62 1678.32 1739.61 1802.62 1866.52
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 45.451 45.312 45.003 44.956 44.924 44.924
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 1535.7 1591.68 1648.42 1709.95 1773.38 1835.52
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 44.304 44.258 44.201 44.19 44.195 44.178
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 39.779 37.936 29.895 29.664 29.238 30.993
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 1.148 1.055 0.802 0.767 0.729 0.746
General government structural balance National currency Billions 24.357 22.988 14.346 18.371 23.243 30.993
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** 0.708 0.645 0.388 0.479 0.583 0.749
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 60.97 57.383 49.152 49.046 49.028 50.01
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 1.759 1.596 1.318 1.267 1.222 1.204
General government net debt National currency Billions 1338.61 1300.67 1270.78 1241.11 1211.88 1180.88
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 38.618 36.166 34.075 32.074 30.202 28.422
General government gross debt National currency Billions 1973.49 1935.55 1905.66 1875.99 1846.76 1815.76
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 56.934 53.819 51.099 48.481 46.024 43.702
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 3466.29 3596.4 3729.37 3869.55 4012.61 4154.84
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 279.585 282.002 280.956 288.702 295.809 305.67
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 7.053 6.784 6.481 6.377 6.275 6.223

Italy

Italy
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 1615.25 1629.93 1640.67 1650.61 1660.22 1670.97
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 0.087 0.909 0.659 0.606 0.582 0.648
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 1771.56 1808.49 1843.06 1880.97 1921.05 1964.83
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 2025.87 2090.45 2142.46 2200.66 2256.8 2323.03
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 2442.14 2515.8 2585.02 2654.5 2725.27 2800.34
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 109.677 110.955 112.336 113.956 115.711 117.586
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 26592.73 26843.99 27032.57 27210.95 27385.87 27582.1
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 35114.93 35446.71 35695.73 35931.27 36162.26 36421.37
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 29166.11 29784.77 30367.19 31008.46 31688.37 32432.58
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 33352.93 34428.48 35300.3 36278.63 37226.68 38345.31
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 40206.33 41433.72 42592.18 43760.39 44954.39 46224.05
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** -1.047 -0.476 -0.22 -0.071 -0.001 0.047
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 1.719 1.675 1.628 1.582 1.536 1.492
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 0.725 0.719 0.713 0.709 0.705 0.702
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 17.731 17.877 17.975 18.065 18.209 18.366
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 20.637 20.474 20.353 20.17 20.032 19.938
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 103.302 104.533 105.834 107.36 109.014 110.78
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 0.758 1.192 1.244 1.442 1.54 1.62
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 104.083 105.323 106.634 108.172 109.838 111.617
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 0.758 1.192 1.244 1.442 1.54 1.62
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 1.988 3.176 3.133 3.003 2.98 2.97
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 1.597 3.315 3.289 3.16 3.167 3.284
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.619 2.826 2.844 2.689 2.67 2.696
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.33 3.028 3.09 2.907 2.886 3.195
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 10.733 10.533 10.383 10.283 10.183 10.083
Employment Persons Millions 23.262 23.375 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 60.74 60.719 60.692 60.66 60.623 60.582
General government revenue National currency Billions 823.763 841.406 858.508 877.73 898.694 921.485
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 46.499 46.525 46.581 46.664 46.782 46.899
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 870.798 902.666 923.8 946.692 970.293 995.421
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 49.154 49.913 50.123 50.33 50.509 50.662
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -47.035 -61.26 -65.292 -68.962 -71.599 -73.936
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -2.655 -3.387 -3.543 -3.666 -3.727 -3.763
General government structural balance National currency Billions -37.299 -57.098 -65.565 -71.65 -76.131 -80.037
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -2.083 -3.142 -3.55 -3.806 -3.963 -4.075
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 16.033 5.823 5.741 5.629 7.722 9.924
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 0.905 0.322 0.311 0.299 0.402 0.505
General government net debt National currency Billions 2152.78 2214.8 2282.51 2354.98 2431.12 2510.6
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 121.519 122.467 123.844 125.2 126.552 127.777
General government gross debt National currency Billions 2363.73 2425.75 2493.47 2565.93 2642.07 2721.55
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 133.427 134.131 135.29 136.415 137.533 138.514
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 1771.56 1808.49 1843.06 1880.97 1921.05 1964.83
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 58.881 54.294 50.939 46.315 41.156 36.511
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 2.906 2.597 2.378 2.105 1.824 1.572

Japan

Japan
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 539,630.51 542,060.88 544974.61 547739.42 550621.78 553488.85
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 0.977 0.45 0.538 0.507 0.526 0.521
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 557,821.98 567,275.01 572865.67 578293.76 584636.48 591508.09
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 5,176.21 5,495.42 5807.52 6133.86 6475.89 6848.81
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 5,749.55 5,896.04 6050.97 6207.51 6369.49 6536.65
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 103.371 104.652 105.118 105.578 106.178 106.869
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 4,276,553.37 4,310,588.66 4350171.98 4390220.8 4433282.25 4477706.51
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 39,795.01 40,111.72 40480.06 40852.73 41253.44 41666.82
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 4,420,720.16 4,511,097.01 4572807.91 4635118.8 4707148.53 4785280.96
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 41,021.25 43,700.82 46357.59 49163.89 52140.07 55406.63
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 45,564.98 46,886.66 48300.86 49754.2 51283.39 52881.29
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** -0.161 -0.186 -0.222 -0.208 -0.157 0.078
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 4.048 3.926 3.811 3.699 3.589 3.483
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 97.02 96.213 94.673 93.16 91.787 90.491
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 24.889 25.047 24.964 25.036 25.122 25.203
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 28.374 28.623 28.452 28.506 28.582 28.677
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 102.414 103.995 105.17 106.438 107.855 109.373
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.067 1.543 1.13 1.205 1.332 1.407
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 103.348 104.385 105.643 106.917 108.421 109.947
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.708 1.004 1.205 1.205 1.407 1.407
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** -0.02 -0.031 ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.235 1.678 2.854 2.454 2.336 2.268
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 2.235 1.678 2.854 2.454 2.336 2.268
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.138 2.51 3.046 2.763 2.683 2.641
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.138 2.51 3.046 2.763 2.683 2.641
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 2.433 2.433 2.433 2.433 2.433 2.433
Employment Persons Millions 67.418 67.638 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 126.184 125.751 125.277 124.764 124.202 123.61
General government revenue National currency Billions 189,764.31 196,401.4 198513.37 200426.24 202598.58 204987.15
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 34.019 34.622 34.653 34.658 34.654 34.655
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 205,629.37 208,500.82 209215.8 210754.02 213591.36 217555.52
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 36.863 36.755 36.521 36.444 36.534 36.78
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -15,865.06 -12,099.42 -10702.43 -10327.78 -10992.78 -12568.38
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -2.844 -2.133 -1.868 -1.786 -1.88 -2.125
General government structural balance National currency Billions -15,694.77 -11,892.91 -10453.54 -10091.91 -10812.41 -12658.82
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -2.809 -2.093 -1.821 -1.741 -1.847 -2.142
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -15,335.57 -12,022.21 -10925.58 -10738.19 -11377.72 -12409.77
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -2.749 -2.119 -1.907 -1.857 -1.946 -2.098
General government net debt National currency Billions 856,902.98 869,002.4 879704.83 890032.61 901025.39 913593.77
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 153.616 153.189 153.562 153.907 154.117 154.452
General government gross debt National currency Billions 1,325,057.19 1,344,686.31 1360076.75 1374956.2 1391267.62 1409598.14
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 237.541 237.043 237.416 237.761 237.971 238.306
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 557,821.98 567,275.01 572865.67 578293.76 584636.48 591508.09
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 180.401 196.557 202.565 212.827 224.054 237.95
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 3.485 3.577 3.488 3.47 3.46 3.474

United Kingdom

United Kingdom
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 2057.38 2086.23 2118.41 2151.37 2185.51 2220.35
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 1.177 1.402 1.543 1.556 1.587 1.594
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 2181.95 2256.93 2336.06 2418.62 2505.8 2596.56
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 2829.16 2927.08 3027.13 3142.34 3265.56 3399.02
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 3128.19 3238.28 3356.59 3479.35 3607.82 3742.02
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 106.054 108.182 110.274 112.422 114.655 116.944
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 30768.11 31019.92 31331.75 31661.38 32014.86 32379.74
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 40857.83 41192.2 41606.29 42044.02 42513.42 42997.95
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 32630.96 33557.96 34550.75 35594.4 36706.68 37866.19
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 42310.04 43522.46 44771.81 46245.29 47836.09 49568.56
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 46781.9 48149.63 49644.68 51205.07 52849.71 54570.69
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** -0.27 -0.234 -0.114 -0.045 -0.001 0.015
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 2.202 2.156 2.114 2.073 2.033 1.994
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 0.698 0.697 0.696 0.695 0.695 0.694
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 17.243 17.183 17.377 17.545 17.727 17.921
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 13.092 13.222 13.454 13.668 13.906 14.151
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 107.867 110.03 112.245 114.503 116.793 119.129
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.837 2.005 2.013 2.011 2 2
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 108.753 110.937 113.175 115.439 117.748 120.102
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.815 2.008 2.018 2 2 2
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.148 1.242 1.67 1.756 1.774 1.784
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 2.937 1.343 1.841 1.991 1.991 1.992
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.448 1.775 1.784 1.885 1.902 1.902
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 0.788 1.028 1.216 1.4 1.428 1.423
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 4.229 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Employment Persons Millions 32.646 32.777 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 66.867 67.255 67.612 67.949 68.266 68.572
General government revenue National currency Billions 807.26 835.052 861.531 894.35 929.869 964.231
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 36.995 36.998 36.878 36.976 37.107 37.133
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 836.698 861.131 886.251 913.697 946.068 980.408
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 38.344 38.153 37.936 37.776 37.753 37.756
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -29.439 -26.079 -24.72 -19.347 -16.2 -16.177
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -1.349 -1.155 -1.058 -0.8 -0.646 -0.623
General government structural balance National currency Billions -26.425 -22.216 -22.301 -18.253 -15.958 -16.368
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -1.197 -0.974 -0.945 -0.748 -0.631 -0.625
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 1.628 4.64 8.822 11.373 11.848 12.174
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 0.075 0.206 0.378 0.47 0.473 0.469
General government net debt National currency Billions 1662.34 1692.85 1732.21 1770.72 1805.78 1840.81
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 76.181 75.003 74.147 73.208 72.06 70.891
General government gross debt National currency Billions 1869.28 1905.42 1952.99 1998.91 2042.4 2085.9
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 85.665 84.421 83.598 82.643 81.502 80.329
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 2182.08 2257.04 2336.18 2418.74 2505.93 2596.69
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -117.433 -115.946 -118.769 -121.843 -124.75 -128.128
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -4.151 -3.961 -3.923 -3.877 -3.82 -3.77

United States

United States
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 18,999.27 19,354.78 19696.5 20019.53 20342.86 20661.26
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 2.331 1.871 1.766 1.64 1.615 1.565
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 21,344.67 22,198.12 23059.65 23922.82 24812.96 25728.73
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 21,344.67 22,198.12 23059.65 23922.82 24812.96 25728.73
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 21,344.67 22,198.12 23059.65 23922.82 24812.96 25728.73
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 112.345 114.691 117.075 119.497 121.974 124.526
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 57,650.65 58,330.72 58957.64 59517.76 60068.47 60594.5
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 56,565.83 57,233.11 57848.23 58397.81 58938.16 59454.29
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 64,767.44 66,899.87 69024.58 71122.21 73267.8 75456.19
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 64,767.44 66,899.87 69024.58 71122.21 73267.8 75456.19
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 64,767.44 66,899.87 69024.58 71122.21 73267.8 75456.19
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** 1.372 1.341 1.307 1.219 1.129 0.995
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 15.027 14.782 14.524 14.255 13.983 13.708
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 1 1 1 1 1 1
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 21.562 21.551 21.672 21.653 21.704 21.737
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 19.157 18.923 18.968 19.099 19.316 19.604
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 256.122 263.123 269.098 275.086 281.225 287.513
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.998 2.733 2.271 2.225 2.232 2.236
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 259.918 266.159 272.079 278.167 284.377 290.458
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 2.673 2.401 2.225 2.238 2.232 2.138
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** 3.222 3.81 ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.901 2.957 3.542 2.799 2.576 2.136
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 4.316 3.328 3.875 3.068 2.896 2.334
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.71 2.633 2.455 3.803 3.704 3.715
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.344 2.981 3.231 4.497 4.31 4.475
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 3.788 3.713 3.754 3.916 4.012 4.19
Employment Persons Millions 157.562 158.934 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 329.559 331.811 334.079 336.362 338.661 340.976
General government revenue National currency Billions 6,634.24 6,984.87 7277.06 7595.15 7943.35 8314.87
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 31.081 31.466 31.558 31.749 32.013 32.317
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 7,623.13 7,967.94 8286.19 8654.4 8942.24 9270.45
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 35.714 35.895 35.934 36.176 36.039 36.031
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -988.893 -983.074 -1009.14 -1059.25 -998.897 -955.576
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -4.633 -4.429 -4.376 -4.428 -4.026 -3.714
General government structural balance National currency Billions -1,096.63 -1,092.48 -1118.95 -1166.17 -1100.62 -1049.81
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -5.208 -4.988 -4.916 -4.934 -4.486 -4.121
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -612.772 -528.819 -517.24 -529.604 -440.56 -368.335
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -2.871 -2.382 -2.243 -2.214 -1.776 -1.432
General government net debt National currency Billions 17,790.96 19,140.06 20332.4 21835.82 23064.2 24266.4
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 83.351 86.224 88.173 91.276 92.952 94.316
General government gross debt National currency Billions 22,775.2 23,871.34 24997.85 26178.81 27304.53 28391.19
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 106.702 107.538 108.405 109.43 110.041 110.348
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 21,344.67 22,198.12 23059.65 23922.82 24812.96 25728.73
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -513.384 -583.303 -623.361 -610.902 -592.705 -548.844
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -2.405 -2.628 -2.703 -2.554 -2.389 -2.133