Content

背景が赤色で塗りつぶされた時系列チャートについて

  • 以下に示す対象範囲(サンプルサイズ:\(n\))の時系列データについて説明変数を\((1,2 \ldots,n)\)、応答変数を指標値とし、次の2つの条件を満たした場合にチャート背景を赤色で塗りつぶしています。
    • 条件1:“線形回帰係数(傾き)\(=0\)”が有意水準5%で棄却される。
    • 条件2:その残差の“系列相関なし”および“正規性”が有意水準5%で棄却されない。
    • 上述の時系列データの対象範囲は、
      • 日次データ:直近25営業日分
      • 週次データ:直近15週分
      • 月次データ:直近6ヶ月分
      • 四半期データ:直近8四半期分
      • 年次データ:直近5年分

Share prices

  • Source:Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


Consumer prices

  • Source:Bank for International Settlements


WORLD FACTBOOK

  • Source:Central Intelligence Agency

AustraliaSwitzerlandSpainKorea, SouthMexicoTurkeyEstoniaKorea, North

Australia

Australia
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 7,741,220 (sq km) 7 *****
Population 23,470,145 Population 56 July 2018 est.
Median age 38.8 (years) 58 *****
Population growth rate 1.01 (%) 107 2018 est.
Birth rate 12 (births/1,000 population) 165 2018 est.
Death rate 7.3 (deaths/1,000 population) 118 2018 est.
Net migration rate 5.4 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 22 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 6 (deaths/100,000 live births) 165 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 4.2 (deaths/1,000 live births) 188 est.
Life expectancy at birth 82.4 (years) 14 est.
Total fertility rate 1.77 (children born/woman) 155 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1 (%) 106 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 26,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 75 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 29 (%) 27 2016
Education expenditures 5.3 (% of GDP) 47 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 12.6 (%) 111 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,248,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 19 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 2.2 (%) 144 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 50,400 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 29 2017 est.
Gross national saving 21 (% of GDP) 88 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 1.4 (%) 144 2017 est.
Labor force 12,910,000 Labor force 44 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 5.6 (%) 81 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 30.3 Distribution of family income - Gini index 133 2008
Taxes and other revenues 35.5 (% (of GDP)) 61 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.5 (% (of GDP)) 60 2017 est.
Public debt 40.8 (% of GDP) 123 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2 (%) 103 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 3 (%) 108 28 February 2013
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.24 (%) 146 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 277,700,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 17 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 277,700,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 17 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 2,384,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 11 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,187,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 12 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance -36,010,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 201 2017 est.
Exports 231,600,000,000 Exports(USD) 22 2017 est.
Imports 221,000,000,000 Imports(USD) 24 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 66,580,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 33 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 1,714,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 11 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 700,600,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 15 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 509,700,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 17 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 243,000,000,000 (kWh) 19 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 229,400,000,000 (kWh) 19 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 0 (kWh) 101 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 0 (kWh) 122 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 65,560,000 (kW) 18 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 72 (% of total installed capacity) 101 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 0 (% of total installed capacity) 40 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 11 (% of total installed capacity) 113 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 17 (% of total installed capacity) 49 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 263,000 (bbl/day) 31 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 192,500 (bbl/day) 31 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 341,700 (bbl/day) 24 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 1,821,000,000 (bbl) 35 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 462,500 (bbl/day) 35 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,175,000 (bbl/day) 20 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 64,120 (bbl/day) 48 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 619,600 (bbl/day) 12 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 105,200,000,000 (cu m) 9 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 45,250,000,000 (cu m) 19 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 67,960,000,000 (cu m) 6 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 5,776,000,000 (cu m) 33 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 1,989,000,000,000 (cu m) 17 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 439,100,000 (Mt) 15 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 8,460,000 Telephones - fixed lines 20 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 27,553,000 Telephones - mobile cellular 47 est.
Internet users 20,288,409 Internet users 32 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 7,923,000 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 19 est.
Airports 480 Airports 16 2013
Railways 33,343 (km) 8 2015
Roadways 873,573 (km) 9 2015
Waterways 2,000 (km) 42 2011
Merchant marine 563 Merchant marine 38 *****
Military expenditures 2 (% of GDP) 51 2016

Switzerland

Switzerland
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 41,277 (sq km) 136 *****
Population 8,292,809 Population 99 July 2018 est.
Median age 42.5 (years) 30 *****
Population growth rate 0.68 (%) 144 2018 est.
Birth rate 10.5 (births/1,000 population) 187 2018 est.
Death rate 8.4 (deaths/1,000 population) 81 2018 est.
Net migration rate 4.6 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 28 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 5 (deaths/100,000 live births) 174 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 3.6 (deaths/1,000 live births) 198 est.
Life expectancy at birth 82.7 (years) 12 est.
Total fertility rate 1.56 (children born/woman) 189 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 19.5 (%) 112 2016
Education expenditures 5.1 (% of GDP) 63 2016
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 8.1 (%) 144 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 523,100,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 39 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 1.7 (%) 165 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 62,100 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 16 2017 est.
Gross national saving 33.8 (% of GDP) 21 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 3.4 (%) 92 2017 est.
Labor force 5,159,000 Labor force 81 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 3.2 (%) 40 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 29.5 Distribution of family income - Gini index 135 2014 est.
Taxes and other revenues 35.7 (% (of GDP)) 60 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 1.1 (% (of GDP)) 33 2017 est.
Public debt 41.8 (% of GDP) 119 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.5 (%) 30 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0.5 (%) 136 31 December 2016
Commercial bank prime lending rate 2.6 (%) 179 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 621,800,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 10 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 621,800,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 10 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 1,253,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 15 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,519,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 9 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance 66,550,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 7 2017 est.
Exports 313,500,000,000 Exports(USD) 17 2017 est.
Imports 264,500,000,000 Imports(USD) 19 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 811,200,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 3 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 1,664,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 12 31 March 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 1,489,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 8 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 1,701,000,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 6 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 59,010,000,000 (kWh) 50 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 58,460,000,000 (kWh) 43 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 30,170,000,000 (kWh) 5 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 34,100,000,000 (kWh) 4 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 20,840,000 (kW) 42 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 3 (% of total installed capacity) 209 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 18 (% of total installed capacity) 11 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 67 (% of total installed capacity) 21 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 13 (% of total installed capacity) 71 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 0 (bbl/day) 204 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 201 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 57,400 (bbl/day) 54 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 0 (bbl) 201 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 61,550 (bbl/day) 79 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 223,900 (bbl/day) 54 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 7,345 (bbl/day) 88 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 165,100 (bbl/day) 39 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 0 (cu m) 205 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 3,709,000,000 (cu m) 68 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 0 (cu m) 194 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 3,681,000,000 (cu m) 42 2017 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 38,950,000 (Mt) 66 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 3,672,500 Telephones - fixed lines 38 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 11,292,000 Telephones - mobile cellular 79 est.
Internet users 7,312,744 Internet users 58 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 3,850,000 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 31 est.
Airports 63 Airports 78 2013
Railways 5,196 (km) 36 2015
Roadways 71,557 (km) 66 2017
Waterways 1,292 (km) 57 2010
Merchant marine 30 Merchant marine 126 *****
Military expenditures 0.71 (% of GDP) 133 2018

Spain

Spain
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 505,370 (sq km) 53 *****
Population 49,331,076 Population 28 July 2018 est.
Median age 43.1 (years) 21 *****
Population growth rate 0.73 (%) 137 2018 est.
Birth rate 9 (births/1,000 population) 205 2018 est.
Death rate 9.2 (deaths/1,000 population) 59 2018 est.
Net migration rate 7.5 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 13 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 5 (deaths/100,000 live births) 173 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 3.3 (deaths/1,000 live births) 207 est.
Life expectancy at birth 81.8 (years) 23 est.
Total fertility rate 1.5 (children born/woman) 196 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.4 (%) 77 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 150,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 35 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 23.8 (%) 62 2016
Education expenditures 4.3 (% of GDP) 99 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 38.6 (%) 15 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,778,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 15 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 3 (%) 116 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 38,400 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 49 2017 est.
Gross national saving 23 (% of GDP) 76 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 4 (%) 76 2017 est.
Labor force 22,750,000 Labor force 27 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 17.2 (%) 179 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 35.9 Distribution of family income - Gini index 93 2012
Taxes and other revenues 37.9 (% (of GDP)) 52 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.1 (% (of GDP)) 136 2017 est.
Public debt 98.4 (% of GDP) 18 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2 (%) 107 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0.05 (%) 146 10 September 2014
Commercial bank prime lending rate 2.03 (%) 184 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 1,088,000,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 7 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 1,088,000,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 7 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 2,491,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 10 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 787,200,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 15 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance 24,740,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 15 2017 est.
Exports 313,700,000,000 Exports(USD) 16 2017 est.
Imports 338,600,000,000 Imports(USD) 15 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 69,410,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 32 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 2,094,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 10 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 824,800,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 13 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 776,800,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 14 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 258,600,000,000 (kWh) 17 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 239,500,000,000 (kWh) 15 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 14,180,000,000 (kWh) 13 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 21,850,000,000 (kWh) 9 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 105,900,000 (kW) 12 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 47 (% of total installed capacity) 157 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 7 (% of total installed capacity) 19 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 14 (% of total installed capacity) 108 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 32 (% of total installed capacity) 15 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 2,252 (bbl/day) 85 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 198 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 1,325,000 (bbl/day) 8 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 150,000,000 (bbl) 62 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 1,361,000 (bbl/day) 13 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,296,000 (bbl/day) 18 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 562,400 (bbl/day) 16 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 464,800 (bbl/day) 18 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 36,810,000 (cu m) 87 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 31,270,000,000 (cu m) 29 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 2,888,000,000 (cu m) 36 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 34,630,000,000 (cu m) 12 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,548,000,000 (cu m) 96 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 286,700,000 (Mt) 25 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 19,680,973 Telephones - fixed lines 14 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 52,484,655 Telephones - mobile cellular 28 est.
Internet users 39,123,384 Internet users 17 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 14,473,888 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 13 est.
Airports 150 Airports 38 2013
Railways 15,302 (km) 19 2017
Roadways 683,175 (km) 11 2011
Waterways 1,000 (km) 64 2012
Merchant marine 119 Merchant marine 78 *****
Military expenditures 0.93 (% of GDP) 121 2018

Korea, South

Korea, South
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 99,720 (sq km) 110 *****
Population 51,418,097 Population 27 July 2018 est.
Median age 42.3 (years) 33 *****
Population growth rate 0.44 (%) 157 2018 est.
Birth rate 8.3 (births/1,000 population) 219 2018 est.
Death rate 6.3 (deaths/1,000 population) 151 2018 est.
Net migration rate 2.4 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 43 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 11 (deaths/100,000 live births) 145 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 3 (deaths/1,000 live births) 212 est.
Life expectancy at birth 82.5 (years) 13 est.
Total fertility rate 1.27 (children born/woman) 219 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.7 (%) 184 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 0.7 (%) 124 2010
Education expenditures 5.3 (% of GDP) 51 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 10.4 (%) 126 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,035,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 14 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 3.1 (%) 109 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 39,500 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 46 2017 est.
Gross national saving 36.6 (% of GDP) 15 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 4.6 (%) 63 2017 est.
Labor force 27,750,000 Labor force 23 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 3.7 (%) 45 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 35.7 Distribution of family income - Gini index 94 2016 est.
Taxes and other revenues 23.2 (% (of GDP)) 129 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 1.4 (% (of GDP)) 24 2017 est.
Public debt 39.5 (% of GDP) 133 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.9 (%) 97 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 1.5 (%) 126 31 December 2017 est.
Commercial bank prime lending rate 3.48 (%) 170 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 793,900,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 8 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 793,900,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 8 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 2,986,000,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 9 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,305,000,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 11 31 December 2016 est.
Current account balance 78,460,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 6 2017 est.
Exports 577,400,000,000 Exports(USD) 5 2017 est.
Imports 457,500,000,000 Imports(USD) 9 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 389,200,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 9 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 384,600,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 29 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 230,600,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 29 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 344,700,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 20 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 526,000,000,000 (kWh) 10 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 507,600,000,000 (kWh) 9 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 0 (kWh) 155 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 0 (kWh) 166 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 111,200,000 (kW) 11 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 70 (% of total installed capacity) 109 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 21 (% of total installed capacity) 7 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 2 (% of total installed capacity) 139 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 8 (% of total installed capacity) 86 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 0 (bbl/day) 156 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 148 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 3,057,000 (bbl/day) 5 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 3,302,000 (bbl/day) 6 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,584,000 (bbl/day) 8 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 1,396,000 (bbl/day) 6 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 908,800 (bbl/day) 6 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 339,800,000 (cu m) 76 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 45,280,000,000 (cu m) 18 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 0 (cu m) 131 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 48,650,000,000 (cu m) 9 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 7,079,000,000 (cu m) 82 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 778,400,000 (Mt) 7 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 26,842,952 Telephones - fixed lines 10 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 63,658,688 Telephones - mobile cellular 23 est.
Internet users 44,153,000 Internet users 16 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 21,195,918 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 9 est.
Airports 111 Airports 53 2013
Railways 3,979 (km) 49 2016
Roadways 100,428 (km) 46 2016
Waterways 1,600 (km) 49 2011
Merchant marine 1,897 Merchant marine 12 *****
Military expenditures 2.7 (% of GDP) 37 2017

Mexico

Mexico
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 1,964,375 (sq km) 15 *****
Population 125,959,205 Population 11 July 2018 est.
Median age 28.6 (years) 135 *****
Population growth rate 1.09 (%) 101 2018 est.
Birth rate 18.1 (births/1,000 population) 93 2018 est.
Death rate 5.4 (deaths/1,000 population) 180 2018 est.
Net migration rate -1.8 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 158 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 38 (deaths/100,000 live births) 107 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 11.3 (deaths/1,000 live births) 125 est.
Life expectancy at birth 76.3 (years) 89 est.
Total fertility rate 2.22 (children born/woman) 94 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.3 (%) 85 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 230,000 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 25 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - deaths 4,000 HIV/AIDS - deaths 35 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 28.9 (%) 29 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 4.2 (%) 87 2016
Education expenditures 5.2 (% of GDP) 59 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 6.9 (%) 157 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,463,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 11 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 2 (%) 152 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 19,900 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 90 2017 est.
Gross national saving 21.4 (% of GDP) 85 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate -0.6 (%) 174 2017 est.
Labor force 54,510,000 Labor force 12 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 3.4 (%) 42 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 48.2 Distribution of family income - Gini index 24 2014
Taxes and other revenues 22.7 (% (of GDP)) 131 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.1 (% (of GDP)) 83 2017 est.
Public debt 54.3 (% of GDP) 82 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6 (%) 186 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 7.25 (%) 44 31 December 2017
Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.34 (%) 113 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 215,500,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 24 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 215,500,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 24 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 431,600,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 28 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 402,300,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 25 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance -19,350,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 198 2017 est.
Exports 409,800,000,000 Exports(USD) 12 2017 est.
Imports 420,800,000,000 Imports(USD) 14 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 175,300,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 14 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 445,800,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 28 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 554,300,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 16 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 243,800,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 25 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 302,700,000,000 (kWh) 13 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 258,700,000,000 (kWh) 14 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 7,308,000,000 (kWh) 27 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 3,532,000,000 (kWh) 47 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 72,560,000 (kW) 17 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 71 (% of total installed capacity) 106 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 2 (% of total installed capacity) 27 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 17 (% of total installed capacity) 96 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 9 (% of total installed capacity) 82 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 1,981,000 (bbl/day) 12 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 1,214,000 (bbl/day) 11 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 0 (bbl/day) 166 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 6,630,000,000 (bbl) 19 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 844,600 (bbl/day) 23 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,984,000 (bbl/day) 11 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 155,800 (bbl/day) 35 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 867,500 (bbl/day) 10 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 31,570,000,000 (cu m) 24 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 81,610,000,000 (cu m) 9 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 36,810,000 (cu m) 51 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 50,120,000,000 (cu m) 8 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 279,800,000,000 (cu m) 38 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 454,100,000 (Mt) 14 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 20,602,668 Telephones - fixed lines 13 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 114,326,842 Telephones - mobile cellular 14 est.
Internet users 73,334,032 Internet users 7 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 17,131,820 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 11 est.
Airports 1,714 Airports 3 2013
Railways 20,825 (km) 14 2017
Roadways 398,148 (km) 18 2017
Waterways 2,900 (km) 33 2012
Merchant marine 617 Merchant marine 34 *****
Military expenditures 0.47 (% of GDP) 147 2017

Turkey

Turkey
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 783,562 (sq km) 38 *****
Population 81,257,239 Population 18 July 2018 est.
Median age 31.4 (years) 110 *****
Population growth rate 0.49 (%) 155 2018 est.
Birth rate 15.4 (births/1,000 population) 119 2018 est.
Death rate 6 (deaths/1,000 population) 165 2018 est.
Net migration rate -4.5 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 189 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 16 (deaths/100,000 live births) 134 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 16.9 (deaths/1,000 live births) 92 est.
Life expectancy at birth 75.3 (years) 109 est.
Total fertility rate 2 (children born/woman) 118 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 32.1 (%) 17 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 2.3 (%) 109 2013
Education expenditures 4.3 (% of GDP) 100 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 20.5 (%) 67 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,186,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 13 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 7.4 (%) 16 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 27,000 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 77 2017 est.
Gross national saving 25.5 (% of GDP) 57 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 9.1 (%) 18 2017 est.
Labor force 31,300,000 Labor force 19 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 10.9 (%) 147 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 40.2 Distribution of family income - Gini index 65 2010
Taxes and other revenues 20.3 (% (of GDP)) 151 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.5 (% (of GDP)) 91 2017 est.
Public debt 28.3 (% of GDP) 169 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 11.1 (%) 204 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 5.25 (%) 79 31 December 2011
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.77 (%) 33 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 119,400,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 33 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 119,400,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 33 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 610,400,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 23 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 188,900,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 36 31 December 2015 est.
Current account balance -47,440,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 202 2017 est.
Exports 166,200,000,000 Exports(USD) 30 2017 est.
Imports 225,100,000,000 Imports(USD) 22 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 107,700,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 24 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 452,400,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 26 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 180,300,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 35 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 47,440,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 45 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 261,900,000,000 (kWh) 16 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 231,100,000,000 (kWh) 18 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 1,442,000,000 (kWh) 49 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 6,330,000,000 (kWh) 31 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 78,500,000 (kW) 15 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 53 (% of total installed capacity) 144 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 0 (% of total installed capacity) 199 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 33 (% of total installed capacity) 64 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 14 (% of total installed capacity) 64 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 245,000 (bbl/day) 32 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 208 2017 est.
Crude oil - imports 521,500 (bbl/day) 17 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 341,600,000 (bbl) 51 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 657,900 (bbl/day) 27 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 989,900 (bbl/day) 21 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 141,600 (bbl/day) 37 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 560,000 (bbl/day) 16 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 368,100,000 (cu m) 75 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 53,600,000,000 (cu m) 15 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 622,900,000 (cu m) 42 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 55,130,000,000 (cu m) 6 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 5,097,000,000 (cu m) 92 1 January 2018 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 379,500,000 (Mt) 17 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 11,308,444 Telephones - fixed lines 17 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 77,800,170 Telephones - mobile cellular 21 est.
Internet users 46,838,412 Internet users 15 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 11,924,905 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 15 est.
Airports 98 Airports 58 2013
Railways 12,710 (km) 21 2018
Roadways 67,933 (km) 70 2018
Waterways 1,200 (km) 60 2010
Merchant marine 1,277 Merchant marine 22 *****
Military expenditures 2.88 (% of GDP) 33 2018

Estonia

Estonia
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 45,228 (sq km) 133 *****
Population 1,244,288 Population 157 July 2018 est.
Median age 43 (years) 23 *****
Population growth rate -0.6 (%) 224 2018 est.
Birth rate 9.9 (births/1,000 population) 193 2018 est.
Death rate 12.7 (deaths/1,000 population) 14 2018 est.
Net migration rate -3.1 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 178 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 9 (deaths/100,000 live births) 151 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 3.8 (deaths/1,000 live births) 192 est.
Life expectancy at birth 77 (years) 81 est.
Total fertility rate 1.6 (children born/woman) 182 2018 est.
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.7 (%) 53 2017 est.
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 5,700 HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 114 2017 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.2 (%) 92 2016
Education expenditures 5.2 (% of GDP) 57 2015
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 12.1 (%) 113 est.
GDP (purchasing power parity) 41,650,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 115 2017 est.
GDP - real growth rate 4.9 (%) 52 2017 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 31,700 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 64 2017 est.
Gross national saving 27 (% of GDP) 44 2017 est.
Industrial production growth rate 9.5 (%) 17 2017 est.
Labor force 670,200 Labor force 152 2017 est.
Unemployment rate 5.8 (%) 88 2017 est.
Distribution of family income - Gini index 34.8 Distribution of family income - Gini index 100 2015
Taxes and other revenues 39.9 (% (of GDP)) 41 2017 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.3 (% (of GDP)) 52 2017 est.
Public debt 9 (% of GDP) 199 2017 est.
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.7 (%) 145 2017 est.
Central bank discount rate 0 (%) 152 31 December 2017 est.
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.2 (%) 163 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of narrow money 14,780,000,000 Stock of narrow money(USD) 73 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of broad money 14,780,000,000 Stock of broad money(USD) 74 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of domestic credit 24,250,000,000 Stock of domestic credit(USD) 88 31 December 2017 est.
Market value of publicly traded shares 3,102,000,000 Market value of publicly traded shares(USD) 92 31 December 2017 est.
Current account balance 809,000,000 Current account balance(USD) 54 2017 est.
Exports 13,440,000,000 Exports(USD) 80 2017 est.
Imports 14,420,000,000 Imports(USD) 91 2017 est.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 345,000,000 Reserves of foreign exchange and gold(USD) 164 31 December 2017 est.
Debt - external 19,050,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 93 31 December 2016 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 27,050,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 73 31 December 2017 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 10,960,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad(USD) 64 31 December 2017 est.
Electricity - production 11,550,000,000 (kWh) 97 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 8,795,000,000 (kWh) 102 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 5,613,000,000 (kWh) 33 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 3,577,000,000 (kWh) 46 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 2,578,000 (kW) 106 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 72 (% of total installed capacity) 103 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 0 (% of total installed capacity) 86 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 0 (% of total installed capacity) 170 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 28 (% of total installed capacity) 22 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 0 (bbl/day) 131 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 119 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 0 (bbl/day) 123 2017 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 0 (bbl) 128 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 0 (bbl/day) 141 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 28,300 (bbl/day) 121 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 27,150 (bbl/day) 64 2017 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 35,520 (bbl/day) 95 2017 est.
Natural gas - production 0 (cu m) 128 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 481,400,000 (cu m) 98 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 0 (cu m) 100 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 481,400,000 (cu m) 67 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 0 (cu m) 132 2016 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 5,306,000 (Mt) 133 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 362,117 Telephones - fixed lines 107 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,904,425 Telephones - mobile cellular 151 est.
Internet users 1,097,921 Internet users 131 est.
Broadband - fixed subscriptions 404,682 Broadband - fixed subscriptions 87 est.
Airports 18 Airports 140 2013
Railways 2,146 (km) 71 2016
Roadways 58,412 (km) 77 2011
Waterways 335 (km) 90 2011
Merchant marine 74 Merchant marine 100 *****
Military expenditures 2.08 (% of GDP) 49 2017

Korea, North

Korea, North
Item Value Unit Rank Date of Information
Area 120,538 (sq km) 100 *****
Population 25,381,085 Population 54 July 2018 est.
Median age 34.2 (years) 86 *****
Population growth rate 0.52 (%) 152 2018 est.
Birth rate 14.6 (births/1,000 population) 130 2018 est.
Death rate 9.3 (deaths/1,000 population) 56 2018 est.
Net migration rate 0 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 89 2018 est.
Maternal mortality rate 82 (deaths/100,000 live births) 79 2015 est.
Infant mortality rate 21.4 (deaths/1,000 live births) 75 est.
Life expectancy at birth 71 (years) 158 est.
Total fertility rate 1.94 (children born/woman) 127 2018 est.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 6.8 (%) 163 2016
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 9.3 (%) 67 2017
GDP (purchasing power parity) 40,000,000,000 GDP (purchasing power parity)(USD) 117 2015 est.
GDP - real growth rate -1.1 (%) 204 2015 est.
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,700 GDP - per capita (PPP)(USD) 214 2015 est.
Industrial production growth rate 1 (%) 156 2017 est.
Labor force 14,000,000 Labor force 41 2014 est.
Unemployment rate 25.6 (%) 197 2013 est.
Taxes and other revenues 11.4 (% (of GDP)) 209 2007 est.
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.4 (% (of GDP)) 58 2007 est.
Exports 45,820,000,000 Exports(USD) 53 2017 est.
Imports 43,750,000,000 Imports(USD) 58 2018 est.
Debt - external 5,000,000,000 Debt - external(USD) 132 2013 est.
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 1,878,000,000 Stock of direct foreign investment - at home(USD) 120 31 December 2015 est.
Electricity - production 16,570,000,000 (kWh) 87 2016 est.
Electricity - consumption 13,890,000,000 (kWh) 83 2016 est.
Electricity - exports 0 (kWh) 154 2016 est.
Electricity - imports 0 (kWh) 165 2016 est.
Electricity - installed generating capacity 10,010,000 (kW) 60 2016 est.
Electricity - from fossil fuels 45 (% of total installed capacity) 161 2016 est.
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 0 (% of total installed capacity) 120 2017 est.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 55 (% of total installed capacity) 31 2017 est.
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0 (% of total installed capacity) 195 2017 est.
Crude oil - production 0 (bbl/day) 155 2017 est.
Crude oil - exports 0 (bbl/day) 147 2015 est.
Crude oil - imports 10,640 (bbl/day) 72 2015 est.
Crude oil - proved reserves 0 (bbl) 152 1 January 2018 est.
Refined petroleum products - production 11,270 (bbl/day) 99 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - consumption 18,000 (bbl/day) 145 2016 est.
Refined petroleum products - exports 0 (bbl/day) 168 2015 est.
Refined petroleum products - imports 8,260 (bbl/day) 151 2015 est.
Natural gas - production 0 (cu m) 152 2017 est.
Natural gas - consumption 0 (cu m) 163 2017 est.
Natural gas - exports 0 (cu m) 130 2017 est.
Natural gas - imports 0 (cu m) 144 2017 est.
Natural gas - proved reserves 0 (cu m) 153 1 January 2014 est.
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 27,830,000 (Mt) 74 2017 est.
Telephones - fixed lines 1,180,000 Telephones - fixed lines 71 est.
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,606,000 Telephones - mobile cellular 133 est.
Airports 82 Airports 67 2013
Railways 7,435 (km) 29 2014
Roadways 25,554 (km) 101 2006
Waterways 2,250 (km) 37 2011
Merchant marine 274 Merchant marine 52 *****

World Economic Outlook

  • Source:International Monetary Fund

AustraliaSwitzerlandSpainKoreaMexicoTurkeyEstonia

Australia

Australia
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 1875.65 1927.4 1980.64 2032.95 2086.82 2141.86
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 2.072 2.759 2.762 2.641 2.65 2.638
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 1978.11 2065.02 2167.1 2275.05 2393.51 2508.42
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 1417 1481.46 1550.58 1630.07 1716.12 1800.98
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 1369.39 1436.56 1506.93 1578.73 1654.15 1733.31
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 105.463 107.14 109.414 111.909 114.697 117.114
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 73359.63 74205.76 75064.14 75842.61 76635.88 77428.17
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 46776.88 47316.41 47863.75 48360.13 48865.95 49371.14
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 77366.99 79504.2 82130.94 84874.68 87898.98 90679.45
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 55421.33 57037.04 58765.15 60812.71 63022.66 65105.61
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 53559.18 55308.22 57111.08 58897.39 60746.73 62659.2
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** -0.767 -0.492 ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 0.964 0.957 0.949 0.941 0.932 0.923
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 1.445 1.437 1.438 1.441 1.447 1.447
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 23.566 23.576 23.633 23.683 23.688 23.744
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 21.514 21.443 21.548 21.352 21.303 21.243
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 115.662 118.287 121.271 124.324 127.429 130.604
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 2.017 2.269 2.523 2.517 2.498 2.492
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 116.644 119.35 122.301 125.418 128.583 131.828
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 2.32 2.32 2.472 2.549 2.523 2.524
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 1.254 2.424 2.68 2.89 2.891 2.891
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 1.272 2.472 2.759 3.034 3.034 3.034
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 0.981 2.366 2.881 3.079 3.116 3.102
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 0.403 2.371 2.848 3.032 3.058 3.046
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 4.793 4.792 4.792 4.788 4.795 4.79
Employment Persons Millions 12.852 13.084 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 25.568 25.974 26.386 26.805 27.23 27.662
General government revenue National currency Billions 711.031 742.783 775.667 812.255 851.376 892.716
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 35.945 35.97 35.793 35.703 35.57 35.589
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 739.73 756.547 775.245 809.03 851.351 892.849
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 37.396 36.636 35.773 35.561 35.569 35.594
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -28.699 -13.765 0.423 3.225 0.025 -0.133
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -1.451 -0.667 0.02 0.142 0.001 -0.005
General government structural balance National currency Billions -23.137 -9.058 3.435 5.158 1.069 0.225
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -1.187 -0.445 0.162 0.232 0.046 0.009
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -10.789 4.739 18.686 21.785 19.53 20.32
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -0.545 0.23 0.862 0.958 0.816 0.81
General government net debt National currency Billions 403.762 416.124 423.178 427.255 423.397 419.541
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 20.412 20.151 19.527 18.78 17.689 16.725
General government gross debt National currency Billions 812.971 837.443 861.097 884.47 898.037 912.423
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 41.098 40.554 39.735 38.877 37.52 36.374
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 1978.11 2065.02 2167.1 2275.05 2393.51 2508.42
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -29.086 -31.599 -32.327 -37.989 -40.943 -45.04
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -2.053 -2.133 -2.085 -2.331 -2.386 -2.501

Switzerland

Switzerland
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 707.796 718.758 730.258 741.942 753.813 765.874
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 1.058 1.549 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 699.496 717.86 736.593 757.07 777.313 798.037
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 707.57 740.702 771.958 808.54 845.384 884.272
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 564.143 584.843 606.553 629.01 652.317 676.625
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 98.827 99.875 100.867 102.039 103.117 104.199
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 82437.92 82731.79 83058.79 83387.09 83716.68 84047.57
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 57385.97 57590.54 57818.17 58046.7 58276.13 58506.47
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 81471.16 82628.41 83779.28 85087.34 86326.51 87577.12
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 82411.62 85257.66 87801.67 90872.07 93886.36 97040.61
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 65706.5 67317.67 68988.7 70694.59 72444.81 74253.27
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 0.397 0.389 0.382 0.375 0.368 0.361
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 1.24 1.227 1.214 1.204 1.192 1.179
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 24.189 24.188 24.375 24.281 24.355 24.43
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 33.154 33.169 33.312 33.293 33.343 33.405
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 102.509 103.431 104.511 105.522 106.599 107.665
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 0.835 0.9 1.044 0.967 1.021 1
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 102.736 104.015 104.926 106.022 107.082 108.153
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 0.175 1.245 0.875 1.045 1 1
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.426 4.386 4.384 4.547 4.82 4.821
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 2.443 3.61 4.914 4.914 5 5
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 1.689 4.137 4.133 4.235 4.477 4.475
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** -1.235 -0.018 4.412 4.729 4.682 4.678
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 2.819 2.793 2.76 2.779 2.746 2.714
Employment Persons Millions 5.089 5.137 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 8.586 8.688 8.792 8.898 9.004 9.112
General government revenue National currency Billions 233.137 239.258 245.501 252.326 259.073 265.98
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 33.329 33.329 33.329 33.329 33.329 33.329
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 231.334 237.549 243.744 250.353 256.902 263.751
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 33.072 33.091 33.091 33.069 33.05 33.05
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 1.803 1.709 1.757 1.973 2.171 2.229
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 0.258 0.238 0.239 0.261 0.279 0.279
General government structural balance National currency Billions 1.619 1.806 1.836 1.989 2.171 2.229
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** 0.223 0.243 0.241 0.254 0.27 0.271
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 2.936 2.745 2.698 2.814 2.913 2.869
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 0.42 0.382 0.366 0.372 0.375 0.36
General government net debt National currency Billions 138.508 132.701 127.157 121.311 115.556 109.647
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 19.801 18.486 17.263 16.024 14.866 13.74
General government gross debt National currency Billions 276.203 274.011 272.155 270.34 268.569 266.74
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 39.486 38.171 36.948 35.709 34.551 33.425
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 699.496 717.86 736.593 757.07 777.313 798.037
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 63.437 66.523 68.989 72.864 75.981 79.366
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 8.966 8.981 8.937 9.012 8.988 8.975

Spain

Spain
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 1193.7 1216.08 1237.34 1258.03 1279.25 1300.34
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 2.131 1.875 1.748 1.672 1.687 1.648
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 1249.74 1295.16 1341.91 1390.74 1441.19 1494.05
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 1429.14 1497.08 1559.9 1627.1 1693.07 1766.43
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 1938.01 2015.58 2093.45 2172.49 2254.92 2340.06
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 104.695 106.502 108.451 110.549 112.659 114.897
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 25584.94 25947.84 26283.34 26608.19 26946.67 27286.23
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 36278.03 36792.61 37268.33 37728.95 38208.88 38690.37
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 26786.15 27635.03 28504.6 29415.12 30357.79 31351.09
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 30631.33 31943.58 33135.13 34414.48 35663.55 37066.65
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 41538.07 43006.94 44468.61 45949.78 47498.61 49103.74
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** 0.688 0.792 ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 1.364 1.342 1.319 1.295 1.271 1.247
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 0.645 0.643 0.641 0.64 0.639 0.638
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 22.046 22.118 22.261 22.273 22.262 22.236
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 22.869 22.95 23.071 23.088 23.078 23.06
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 104.92 106.625 108.389 110.49 112.531 114.713
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.211 1.625 1.655 1.938 1.847 1.939
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 105.808 107.56 109.364 111.434 113.536 115.79
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.344 1.655 1.678 1.893 1.886 1.986
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.714 3.188 3.341 2.859 2.18 2.011
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 3.043 3.671 3.481 2.902 2.301 2.12
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.519 3.536 3.55 3.281 2.634 2.535
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.677 3.168 2.986 3.1 2.318 1.923
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 14.249 14.057 13.938 13.858 13.807 13.777
Employment Persons Millions 19.638 19.763 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 46.656 46.866 47.077 47.28 47.473 47.655
General government revenue National currency Billions 485.819 501.761 517.456 536.514 554.734 573.75
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 38.874 38.741 38.561 38.578 38.491 38.402
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 514.231 532.096 550.014 571.728 593.63 616.204
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 41.147 41.084 40.987 41.11 41.19 41.244
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -28.412 -30.334 -32.558 -35.213 -38.896 -42.454
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -2.273 -2.342 -2.426 -2.532 -2.699 -2.842
General government structural balance National currency Billions -32.585 -35.873 -38.11 -40.219 -43.527 -46.361
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -2.625 -2.792 -2.862 -2.911 -3.038 -3.118
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -1.944 -2.604 -3.349 -3.921 -4.922 -5.884
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -0.156 -0.201 -0.25 -0.282 -0.342 -0.394
General government net debt National currency Billions 1043.37 1073.7 1106.26 1141.47 1180.37 1222.82
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 83.487 82.901 82.439 82.077 81.902 81.846
General government gross debt National currency Billions 1199.28 1229.61 1262.17 1297.38 1336.28 1378.73
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 95.962 94.939 94.058 93.288 92.72 92.282
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 1249.74 1295.16 1341.91 1390.74 1441.19 1494.05
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 11.762 12.455 12.629 13.24 13.793 14.527
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 0.823 0.832 0.81 0.814 0.815 0.822

Korea

Korea
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 1638275.56 1684952.97 1733017.35 1782192.3 1834524.13 1887878.7
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 2.552 2.849 2.853 2.838 2.936 2.908
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 1852790.27 1937033.37 2026129.25 2120824.61 2225789.99 2340792.75
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 1656.67 1744.36 1831.94 1929.8 2035.76 2150.9
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 2229.78 2341.2 2458.04 2580.09 2710.89 2848.12
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 113.094 114.961 116.913 119.001 121.328 123.991
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 31582047.34 32350280.61 33138291.91 33940537.14 34795614.87 35662526.93
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 37541.58 38454.78 39391.49 40345.12 41361.55 42392.05
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 35717379.59 37190102.03 38743098.72 40389539.51 42216796.09 44218192.85
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 31936.73 33490.77 35029.8 36751.68 38612.42 40631.14
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 42984.82 44949.85 47001.97 49135.98 51417.78 53801.71
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** -0.875 -0.663 ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 1.57 1.559 1.548 1.537 1.528 1.517
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 830.93 827.369 824.287 821.995 821.054 821.873
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 29.602 29.268 29.027 28.787 28.518 28.259
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 34.192 33.746 33.381 33.199 33 32.713
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 105.865 107.506 109.334 111.302 113.416 115.685
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.351 1.55 1.7 1.8 1.9 2
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 105.811 107.451 109.278 111.245 113.359 115.626
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 1.4 1.55 1.7 1.8 1.9 2
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.768 3.178 4.073 4.05 4.019 4.054
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 3.044 2.945 4.034 3.992 3.96 3.995
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.82 2.555 3.804 3.641 3.509 3.517
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.339 2.686 3.827 3.641 3.498 3.506
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 4 3.85 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Employment Persons Millions 26.912 26.912 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 51.874 52.085 52.297 52.509 52.723 52.937
General government revenue National currency Billions 454969.89 476522.59 496657.35 517831.93 543460.84 571540.53
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 24.556 24.601 24.513 24.417 24.417 24.417
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 416347.87 447378.91 475129.52 503234.77 528141.23 555429.39
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 22.471 23.096 23.45 23.728 23.728 23.728
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 38622.02 29143.68 21527.83 14597.15 15319.61 16111.14
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 2.085 1.505 1.063 0.688 0.688 0.688
General government structural balance National currency Billions 42636.12 32323.46 23760.06 15874.84 15091.94 14381.9
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** 2.281 1.658 1.167 0.747 0.678 0.616
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 23295.61 16312.92 12759.91 9683.95 10693.66 11583.03
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 1.257 0.842 0.63 0.457 0.48 0.495
General government net debt National currency Billions 230211.27 243149.98 263377.35 289839.32 313604.23 334766.09
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 12.425 12.553 12.999 13.666 14.09 14.301
General government gross debt National currency Billions 751139.86 787764.27 833041.75 886128.17 939405.03 992900.96
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 40.541 40.669 41.115 41.782 42.205 42.417
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 1852790.27 1937033.37 2026129.25 2120824.61 2225789.99 2340792.75
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 76.028 78.12 79.751 85.142 91.239 95.789
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 4.589 4.478 4.353 4.412 4.482 4.453

Mexico

Mexico
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 18820.31 19184.58 19636.49 20155.53 20707.95 21275.33
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 1.627 1.935 2.356 2.643 2.741 2.74
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 24751.43 25977.55 27396.02 28957 30630.73 32411.18
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 1241.45 1297.75 1358.37 1424.47 1495.15 1569.98
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 2658.04 2766.07 2890.08 3027.86 3175.31 3330.58
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 131.514 135.409 139.516 143.668 147.918 152.342
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 149451.25 150950.72 153134.31 155819.39 158740.4 161753.36
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 18434.52 18619.48 18888.82 19220.02 19580.32 19951.96
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 196549.98 204400.14 213646.65 223862.31 234805.18 246417.6
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 9858.3 10211.14 10593.17 11012.38 11461.32 11936.32
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 21107.38 21764.34 22538.16 23407.9 24340.88 25321.96
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 1.871 1.842 1.82 1.804 1.789 1.775
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 9.312 9.392 9.479 9.564 9.647 9.731
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 22.961 22.567 22.089 21.608 21.131 20.661
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 21.264 20.67 20.254 19.702 19.252 18.794
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 104.077 107.312 110.531 113.847 117.263 120.781
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 3.807 3.108 3 3 3 3
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 106.193 109.379 112.661 116.04 119.522 123.107
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 3.08 3 3 3 3 3
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.965 3.503 4.147 4.41 4.455 4.503
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 3.087 3.524 4.15 4.411 4.455 4.503
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 3.313 3.338 4.178 4.414 4.659 4.674
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 3.315 3.336 4.179 4.413 4.66 4.673
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 3.485 3.564 3.563 3.514 3.47 3.442
Employment Persons Millions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 125.929 127.092 128.231 129.352 130.452 131.529
General government revenue National currency Billions 5411.61 5635.97 5907.69 6270.74 6639.06 7033.91
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 21.864 21.696 21.564 21.655 21.675 21.702
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 6030.39 6259.43 6537.79 6936.75 7343.57 7779.36
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 24.364 24.096 23.864 23.955 23.975 24.002
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -618.786 -623.461 -630.108 -666.011 -704.507 -745.457
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -2.5 -2.4 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3 -2.3
General government structural balance National currency Billions -624.276 -605.381 -604.674 -647.288 -696.09 -744.076
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -2.517 -2.316 -2.194 -2.227 -2.269 -2.296
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 360.756 354.07 419.324 423.788 406.445 401.344
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 1.458 1.363 1.531 1.464 1.327 1.238
General government net debt National currency Billions 11278.77 11931.19 12600.23 13306.77 14054.56 14845.3
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 45.568 45.929 45.993 45.954 45.884 45.803
General government gross debt National currency Billions 13393.26 14150.43 14940.65 15780.54 16671.32 17614.15
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 54.111 54.472 54.536 54.496 54.427 54.346
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 24751.43 25977.55 27396.02 28957 30630.73 32411.18
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions -21.092 -24.657 -24.968 -27.182 -28.12 -29.339
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** -1.699 -1.9 -1.838 -1.908 -1.881 -1.869

Turkey

Turkey
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 1693.06 1736.08 1787.5 1841.27 1905.56 1972.28
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** -2.537 2.541 2.961 3.008 3.492 3.501
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 4026.44 4596.22 5281.64 6125.86 7149.78 8301.03
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 706.237 809.555 929.823 987.577 1044.12 1105.62
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 2274.07 2380.55 2502 2630.6 2778.87 2936.36
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 237.82 264.747 295.477 332.698 375.206 420.885
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 20392.74 20657.72 21017.47 21396.46 21890.06 22404.34
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 23922.41 24233.26 24655.27 25099.86 25678.9 26282.19
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 48498.03 54690.61 62101.89 71185.63 82132.87 94296.51
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 8506.56 9632.93 10932.91 11476.15 11994.34 12559.46
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 27390.98 28326.29 29418.7 30568.91 31922.21 33355.95
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 1.601 1.585 1.576 1.567 1.566 1.564
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 1.771 1.931 2.111 2.329 2.573 2.827
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 24.467 23.824 23.173 23.276 23.36 23.46
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 25.286 23.513 22.169 21.597 21.183 21.144
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 426.524 486.645 551.873 623.619 704.694 791.829
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 17.459 14.096 13.403 13.001 13.001 12.365
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 454.931 518.622 586.043 662.232 748.326 838.125
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 15.5 14 13 13.001 13.001 12
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** -7.197 7.8 7.734 6.994 6.5 5.976
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** -7.723 8.424 8.261 7.416 6.805 6.219
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 5 3.299 3.6 4.063 4.9 5.3
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 4.001 2.516 2.894 3.494 4.627 5.199
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 12.703 11.419 10.72 10.72 10.72 10.5
Employment Persons Millions ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 83.023 84.04 85.048 86.055 87.051 88.031
General government revenue National currency Billions 1243.36 1408.22 1603.66 1878.47 2210.89 2583.42
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 30.88 30.639 30.363 30.665 30.923 31.122
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 1369.77 1567.37 1800.31 2095.26 2432.18 2800.85
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 34.019 34.101 34.086 34.204 34.018 33.741
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -126.407 -159.157 -196.643 -216.799 -221.288 -217.43
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -3.139 -3.463 -3.723 -3.539 -3.095 -2.619
General government structural balance National currency Billions -129.333 -127.608 -170.222 -193.676 -205.141 -201.221
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** -3.147 -2.735 -3.196 -3.144 -2.864 -2.421
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions -47.77 -52.155 -60.544 -65.575 -56.844 -48.157
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** -1.186 -1.135 -1.146 -1.07 -0.795 -0.58
General government net debt National currency Billions 1038.06 1109.45 1263.46 1470.23 1686.48 1891.74
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** 25.781 24.138 23.922 24 23.588 22.789
General government gross debt National currency Billions 1205.06 1301.94 1483.79 1722.39 1971.82 2213.39
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 29.929 28.326 28.093 28.117 27.579 26.664
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 4026.44 4596.22 5281.64 6125.86 7149.78 8301.03
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 4.989 -3.423 -10.119 -17.243 -23.449 -26.591
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 0.706 -0.423 -1.088 -1.746 -2.246 -2.405

Estonia

Estonia
Subject Descriptor Units Scale 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Gross domestic product, constant prices National currency Billions 20.492 21.087 21.677 22.284 22.908 23.55
Gross domestic product, constant prices Percent change ***** 3 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Gross domestic product, current prices National currency Billions 27.131 28.752 30.473 32.225 34.07 36.028
Gross domestic product, current prices U.S. dollars Billions 31.026 33.235 35.424 37.702 40.025 42.747
Gross domestic product, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Billions 47.127 49.507 51.951 54.511 57.198 60.03
Gross domestic product, deflator Index ***** 132.394 136.351 140.579 144.612 148.725 152.989
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices National currency Units 15531.21 15973.42 16416.3 16876.25 17354.11 17850.43
Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar Units 31194.82 32083.01 32972.53 33896.35 34856.16 35853.03
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices National currency Units 20562.46 21779.91 23077.81 24405.04 25809.85 27309.16
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices U.S. dollars Units 23514.22 25175.59 26826.77 28552.89 30320.74 32402.07
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices Purchasing power parity; international dollars Units 35717.83 37501.88 39342.86 41282.08 43330.74 45502.74
Output gap in percent of potential GDP Percent of potential GDP ***** 0.953 0.733 ***** ***** ***** *****
Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total Percent ***** 0.033 0.033 0.033 0.032 0.032 0.032
Implied PPP conversion rate National currency per current international dollar ***** 0.576 0.581 0.587 0.591 0.596 0.6
Total investment Percent of GDP ***** 26.324 27.027 27.824 28.767 29.742 30.742
Gross national savings Percent of GDP ***** 28.188 27.777 27.602 27.781 28.379 28.925
Inflation, average consumer prices Index ***** 111.286 114.402 117.377 120.311 123.319 126.402
Inflation, average consumer prices Percent change ***** 3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Index ***** 111.899 115.032 118.023 120.974 123.998 127.098
Inflation, end of period consumer prices Percent change ***** 3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Six-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) Percent ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** *****
Volume of imports of goods and services Percent change ***** 5.149 4.775 4.775 4.801 4.901 4.976
Volume of Imports of goods Percent change ***** 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 5 5.1
Volume of exports of goods and services Percent change ***** 2.985 3.234 3.464 3.562 3.594 3.594
Volume of exports of goods Percent change ***** 2.5 3 3.332 3.5 3.594 3.594
Unemployment rate Percent of total labor force ***** 4.693 3.472 3.862 3.586 3.448 3.448
Employment Persons Millions 0.672 0.676 ***** ***** ***** *****
Population Persons Millions 1.319 1.32 1.32 1.32 1.32 1.319
General government revenue National currency Billions 10.887 11.526 12.151 12.782 13.418 14.091
General government revenue Percent of GDP ***** 40.128 40.087 39.874 39.665 39.384 39.111
General government total expenditure National currency Billions 10.821 11.464 12.121 12.782 13.405 14.076
General government total expenditure Percent of GDP ***** 39.885 39.874 39.774 39.664 39.344 39.068
General government net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 0.066 0.061 0.03 ***** 0.013 0.015
General government net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 0.243 0.213 0.1 0.001 0.04 0.043
General government structural balance National currency Billions ***** ***** ***** ***** -0.003 -0.014
General government structural balance Percent of potential GDP ***** ***** ***** ***** ***** -0.01 -0.04
General government primary net lending/borrowing National currency Billions 0.057 0.053 0.023 -0.007 0.007 0.01
General government primary net lending/borrowing Percent of GDP ***** 0.211 0.185 0.075 -0.021 0.02 0.027
General government net debt National currency Billions -0.11 -0.11 -0.11 -0.11 -0.103 -0.089
General government net debt Percent of GDP ***** -0.405 -0.382 -0.36 -0.341 -0.303 -0.246
General government gross debt National currency Billions 2.066 2.066 2.066 2.066 2.072 2.087
General government gross debt Percent of GDP ***** 7.613 7.184 6.778 6.41 6.082 5.791
Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices National currency Billions 27.131 28.752 30.473 32.225 34.07 36.028
Current account balance U.S. dollars Billions 0.453 0.373 0.314 0.194 0.017 -0.152
Current account balance Percent of GDP ***** 1.46 1.122 0.887 0.516 0.043 -0.355